The Republic of Venezuela
The Republic of Venezuela is one of the countries located in the continent of South America, was among the territories occupied by Spanish colonialism in that region of the continent. Although Venezuela gained independence early in the rest of its neighbors, the country remained, like most countries that represent Latin America, suffering from political and social unrest that prevented it from economic progress and stability until the Bolivarian Revolution and the election of Hugo Chavez as president in the year one thousand nine hundred and ninety-eight.
Venezuela has witnessed several economic reforms since then, as it reduced inflation rates and the budget deficit due to the nationalization of the oil sector, which is one of the largest oil reserves in the world. Venezuela is made up of twenty-three states within a federal presidential republic with its capital, Caracas, and is one of the most densely populated cities in the country, as well as one of the cities with the highest rates of crime in the world.
Caracas is the capital of the Republic of Venezuela
Caracas is the official city of the Republic of Venezuela. Caracas is located in northern Venezuela, near the Caracas Valley near the Caribbean Sea, which is separated from it only by a series of very high mountains.
The area of the city of Caracas is close to two thousand square kilometers, and more than eight million people live, and it is the largest city in the Republic in terms of area and population, as it is considered one of the largest cities in South America in terms of population. The city is considered to be elevated above the sea level due to the irregular height of the valley and its relatively small area, and this led to the urban expansion in the mountains and elevated areas to produce many slums on the outskirts of the city, which were built from cheap materials.
Geography of Caracas
The city is supplied with water by a major river that cuts across the city, in addition to some small natural and industrial water channels, in addition to the random neighborhoods on the outskirts of the city and consisting of houses made of tin, which are inhabited by poor families in the city whose people work in simple services and workers, the middle class of the population In Caracas, they live in the tall buildings in the city center, which distinguish the senior employees in government offices and their like, as well as the distinctive third layer of wealthy Venezuelan families whose people live in the rich suburbs or The heart of the city in neighborhoods built in Spanish style; where the houses are a palaces or houses surrounded by gardens, and is characterized by the houses of excessive luxury and the tendency to extravagance. Many arms and drug dealers also live in these houses and palaces. The city of Caracas is an example of the ongoing social struggle in the Venezuelan country, which is still fighting for stability.