What is the capital of Yemen before Sanaa?

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Taiz, the old capital of Yemen

Taiz is the former national capital of the Republic of Yemen, and it is one of the main urban centers in the country. This scenic city is located in the southwestern highlands of Yemen, at an altitude of 1,400 meters above sea level, and its location is located near the city of Mokha, which is located at the foot of Jabal Sabr, which rises 3,015 meters above sea level, and Yemen is the second largest country in the Arabian Peninsula, and Sana’a is the largest city in it, with a population of about four million people, and the recognized capital is considered constitutional for Yemen, but the country witnessed a conflict Led to my sister T have the temporary capital city of Aden, and that in 2015, Sana’a, and is characterized by being one of the highest cities in the world, as it reaches a height of about 2,300 meters.

Historical background about the city of Taiz

The history of the city of Taiz dates back to the sixth century AH, or the twelfth century AD, where the name of the city appeared for the first time in 1173 AD, after the arrival of King Turan Shah to Yemen, and it is reported that the city was fortified by Tactakin, who is the brother of Turan Shah and Salahuddin, and when Muzaffar came to make Taiz the second capital of the ruling family, and Taiz remained a fortified city until 1948 AD. With the advent of Imam Ahmed, it became the second capital of Yemen, but at the present time the importance of the city emerges as being the leading industrial city in the country.

Other information about the city of Taiz

There is a lot of information related to the city of Taiz, as follows:

  • Taiz is the third largest inhabited Yemeni city, with a population of approximately 615,222 people.
  • It has a subtropical humid climate, which helps it to produce coffee, which is one of the city’s most important exports.
  • The city has experienced many political turmoil and violence over the past few years, especially in the events of the Yemeni revolution in 2011 and the Yemeni civil war in 2015.
  • It is considered the cultural capital of Yemen.
  • It is an important agricultural center in southwestern Yemen, and is famous for cultivating coffee, khat (a mild anesthetic) and vegetables, as well as pomegranate, onions, and mangoes.
  • It is classified as the first Yemeni city to have a clean water system, as the United States of America established this system in the 1960s.
  • It contains aluminum, biscuit and soft drinks factories.
  • The city embraces many mosques, famous buildings, and many interesting attractions, which makes it one of the distinctive attractions, and one of its most important tourist attractions:
    • the National Museum.
    • Cairo Castle.
    • Ashrafieh Mosque.
    • Jabal Sabr, known as Jabal Al-Arous.
    • The big door.
  • The area of ​​the city is about 100 square kilometers.
  • Arabic is the official language of the city.
  • Islamic and Christian religions are spread in the city.

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