The city of Fez is located in the north of Morocco, specifically in the Fez Valley, near the Cebu River. The Moroccan city of Fez is the second largest city in Morocco, with a population of about 1,112,072 people. Fez has been a center of the Jewish community during previous historical times, in addition to being one of the ancient imperial cities in the country, and it was also an important commercial center, and it is worth noting that the city of Fez is currently a World Heritage site according to the UNESCO classification.
Geography of the city of Fez
Fez is one of the charming cities for its visitors, as it is an ancient city and surrounded by hills and forests, which made it one of the most beautiful places in the region there, and it also enjoys authentic Moroccan architecture that has not been touched by any modern architectural interference, in addition to narrow streets the city is characterized by mosaic art and arched entrances The beautiful ironworks, and they also have a rich historical legacy, as it is possible to visit the medieval Romen ruins, as well as the ruins of a third-century empire.Read:The best country for travel and great tourist destinations is recommended to visit
History of the city of Fez
The city of Fez attracted many scholars and others of its time, such as philosophers, mathematicians, lawyers, astronomers and theologians, as craftsmen built homes and palaces, and the kings donated religious schools and mosques, and at the beginning of the nineteenth century the city began to lose its influence, but it still enjoyed its cultural heritage And spiritual.
The city of Fez was the capital of several dynasties, which reached their climax during the reign of the Marinid sultans in the middle of the fourteenth century. It is worth noting that the city of Fez consists of two main regions: the old Fez, which was founded in 808 AD, and the new city, which was founded in 1276 AD, and includes nearly 100 mosques, including the Qarawiyyin Mosque, which contains one of the oldest libraries in the world.
The most famous sights in the city of Fez
There are many landmarks in the city of Fez, as it is a distinct historical city, and here are some of the city’s attractions:
- Tannery: The city of Fez is famous for the production of leather as well as in its tanning, and among these traditional tanneries is a tanning tanner, and the city still practices the traditional methods of producing leather and tanning, which dates back to the middle ages, where the leather is exposed to strong sunlight, and the pools are filled with many dyes made of turmeric, poppy, mint and indigo. It is worth noting that pigeon droppings are used to soften the leather before starting to chew it.
- Al-Qarawiyyin Mosque: The Kairouan Mosque is located in the old city, and it is considered the second largest mosque in the country. The mosque is connected to the oldest university in the world which is the University of Kairouin, as it dates back to the middle of the ninth century, and the mosque library is one of the oldest and most important libraries in the world.
- Al-Boanania School: It was built during the rule of the Marinids, as it is a historical Islamic college, as this college is a testament to the Marinid architecture in Morocco, as its surface is almost completely covered with motifs, in addition to the presence of stucco and wooden sculptures throughout, as is the case in the courtyard where precious marble glistens .
- Dar Al Batha: Dar Al-Batha Palace is located in the old city, and it was converted in 1915 AD into a museum, as it includes many artifacts, wood carvings, Moroccan tiles, and a group of 14th-century ceramics, in addition to that it includes a wonderful garden built in Andalusian style There are many plants in it, mosaics, and a water fountain.
- Royal palace: It is called the storehouse or the royal palace of Fez, and it is considered one of the palaces of the royal family that is distributed in each city, for the purpose of disembarking when they visit the cities, and this palace is characterized by giant doors that were made of brass and gold, as it is surrounded by works made of ceramic tiles and wood Carved rice, plus mosaics.