Tangier is a city located in Morocco on the Gulf of the Strait of Gibraltar, 27 km from the southern end of Spain. Tangier was built on the slopes of a chalky limestone hill, and the old town is surrounded by walls since the fifteenth century.
The city connects to a road and rail network with Fez, Meknes, Rabat and Casablanca, and contains international airports and freight services with Europe. It is famous for many industries such as building materials, hunting, spinning, weaving and carpets.
Founding the city of Tangier
Tangier was most likely founded by the Phoenicians, as it was under the rule of the Romens, with a major port and a well-known commercial center until the founding of the city of Fez in 808. The Arabs reached it in the 7th century, and the Arabs also reached another rum through Sidi Uqba in 682, so that it could be restored in the year of 707 at the hands of Musa bin Nusair. It was under the rule of the Portuguese in 1471, and the British also occupied it until 1684, Gibraltar was besieged by the Spaniards from 1779 to 1783, and in 1844 Tangier was bombed by the French fleet as part of the French campaigns against Prince Abdel-Qader Al-Jazaery, as it was conquered The Spanish in 1860, and became a diplomatic center after dividing Morocco into lands belonging to the Spanish and other lands belonging to the French in 1912, Tangier joined italyn rule in 1928, and during World War II it was controlled by Spain, and in 1945 it returned to international supervision by agreement Signed between Britain, France and the United States, otherwise The Soviets unified until 1956 to be returned to Morocco.Read:How were the pyramids built?
The most important landmarks to see in Tangier
- The Ghilan Kasbah, which is located on the bank of Wadi Al-Halk, contains the Kasbah Palace and the Kasbah Mosque.
- Ras al-Manar which oversees the Bahrain and Mount Honor complex.
- The Church of Saint Andrew, which contains distinctive motifs and sculptures.
- Hercules Cave, which overlooks the Atlantic Ocean and which receives many tourists.
- Moroccan Art Museum built in the seventeenth century.
- The head of the Spartel overlooking the Atlantic Ocean, which contains a great marine lighthouse.
- The ancient city, built by the Spaniards in 1880, contains a square, a mosque, and a museum.
- Cervantes closed theater, built in 1913.
- The old American Legation Museum, which contains paintings of Moroccan and American heritage.
- Asilah, which is on the northwestern edge of the Atlantic coast, is famous for its dishes and seafood.