What is the city of the pyramids

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Giza is the city of the pyramids

The pyramids of Giza were built approximately 4,500 years ago, and they are in fact large tombs that were built for the kings of the pharaohs, in order to bury them with their personal purposes, their treasures, and their properties. These pyramids were built on rocky plateaux located on the western bank of the Nile, and there are three pyramids in Giza, which are :

  • The pyramid of Khufu: It is the largest pyramid that was built for King Khufu, the fourth king of eight kings of the Fourth Dynasty, knowing that its original length is 147 m.
  • Khafre Pyramid: It is the middle pyramid built for King Khafra, the fourth king of the eighth family, and its original length reaches 143 m.
  • Menkaure Pyramid: It was built for King Menkaure, the fifth king of the Fourth Dynasty, and its original length is 109 meters.

Building the pyramids of Giza

The Greek historian Herodotus spoke of the number of workers who contributed to the construction of the Great Pyramid in particular, and mentioned that their number reached 100,000 men, but the researches conducted in the late twentieth century made scientists conclude that the pyramid was built by only 20,000 workers, and these pyramids were built from Granite and limestone were stolen in ancient and middle ages, and the mystery of building the pyramids is one of the most important things that scientists sought to solve, headed by Dr. Zahi Hawas who led successful campaigns to uncover the secrets of building the pyramids, and it is believed that the construction of the pyramids was carried out with the help of a bridge Italic slash Fold with bricks and sand, the height of which increases with the height of the pyramid, and they also used rollers and levers to move the stone blocks upward.


The Sphinx is a limestone statue of a mythical creature; it is headed by a human head, and the body of a lion is believed to be King Khafra, and it is located on the Giza Plateau, and is considered the oldest memorial monument in Egypt, and historians have differed about the reason for which this statue was built, and when it was created There is no inscription or manuscript to prove this, but it is estimated that the construction of the Sphinx was around 2500 BC.


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