The city of Prague
After the end of World War I, the state of Czechoslovakia took Prague as its capital, and it remained that way until 1993, when the independent Republic of Czechia took it as its capital. It should be noted that the Czechoslovakia state was founded in 1918 AD, after it became independent from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and then disintegrated in 1993 AD, where it was divided peacefully into two states: the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic.
The area of Prague and its population
Prague is located on the banks of the Vltava River (English: Vltava River) in the central northwestern part of the Czech Republic, and it is now the largest Czech city by area; its area covers approximately 497 square kilometers, and its population is about 1,267,449 people, knowing that the number of the population In the urban area, it exceeds 2.1 million people.
Historic stops in Prague
Here is some varied historical information about Prague:
- Some ancient historical sources state that the history of the construction of the city of Prague dates back to the eighth century AD.
- The Duchess of Bohemia came into existence in AD 800, and Prague became the seat of its kings, as it later became the capital of the Roman Emperor Otto II, knowing that it flourished during the time of the Roman Emperor Charles IV, and became the third largest city in the Roman Empire.
- The capital, Prague, suffered some damage during World War II, especially when it fell under the control of the German occupation, as was the case during the time of the Cold War, when it came under the control of the Soviet Union and within its spheres of influence.
- The history of the Czechoslovakia state witnessed what was known as (the Prague Spring), in the year 1968 when Prime Minister Alexander Dubcek announced his reservations about the policies of the Soviet Union, which led to their storming the lands of Prague to suppress the demonstrations and topple Dubcek.
Industry in Prague
The nineteenth century witnessed a clear development of the industrial sector in the whole of the Republic of Czechoslovakia, and it became the most important economic sector in it, and in the capital, Prague. In order to provide employment opportunities near the new residential areas, and to reduce concentration in the heart of the capital. It should be noted that females make up almost half of the workforce in Prague, knowing that their work is not limited only to the industrial sector, but extends to other areas, such as: education, culture, trade, and the health sector.