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Mount Everest is the highest peak in the world, with a height of 8,848 meters above sea level, and its height has been determined through numerous surveys by the National Geographic Society in the United States by Global navigation systems (in English: Global Positioning System-GPS), and the height of the Everest summit was calculated on the height of the snow on the top and not on the rocks of the summit itself.
Although the summit of Everest is the highest peak in the world recorded above the sea level, the highest peak depending on the beginning of the base of the mountain to its summit is Mount Mauna Kea, which is located on the island of Hawaii in the United States of America, which reaches a length from its base To its summit 9,966 meters, while its height from sea level to its summit is 4,207 meters.
Everest Summit site
The summit of Everest is one of the peaks of the Great Himalayas, which is located in the Mahalangur section of the Himalayan mountain range on the boundary line separating the regions of Nepal and Tibet in southern Asia, and according to geographical measurements the exact location of Mount Everest is (27 ° 59 ′ ′ 9.8340) North, (86 ° 55 ′ 21.4428) East.
Name the Everest Summit
The highest summit in the world was named the Everest Summit in 1865 AD by the Royal Geographical Society in relation to surveyor George Everest, in recommendation of the British General Surveyor of India Andrew Waugh, but the traditional Chinese name is in Tibetan For Mount Everest is Chomolungma, meaning the Mother of Earth. The Nepalese traditional name is Sagarmatha, meaning world hat.
Life at the summit of Everest
It is difficult to support animal life or vegetation at the summit of Everest, as it has a cold climate, and is covered by glaciers from its three sides, however, there are some trees and plants that grow in the lower regions, including: juniper, pine, bamboo, and rendering, while animals live It contains numbers of musk deer, pet kittens, red pandas, snow leopard, and black bears, and there are small numbers of Himalayan bulls, rabbits, foxes, and mountain wolves.
The most famous climbers to the summit of Everest
Everest is the most important tourist destination around the world for climbing, and the history of this sport in Mount Everest dates back to 1921 when the Chinese Kingdom of Tibet opened its borders to foreigners to reach the top of the mountain, and the British campaign was led by George Mallory and Andrew Irvine ( In 1924 Andrew Irvine) the first campaign to climb the summit, but it was not found, but in 1953 AD Tenzing Norgay Sherpa and Edmund Hillary climbed to the summit of Everest for the first time.