What is the history of the Taj Mahal and where is it located?

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The Taj Mahal is considered one of the most beautiful architectural buildings that have been built throughout the ages, as it is a wonderful and elegant mausoleum decorated with luxurious white marble and is a large and giant building in the Indian city of Accra, it was one of the capital of the Mughal Muslim sultans in the thirteenth century, the Taj Mahal is known as the jewel of architecture Islam, as Shah Jahan was deeply influenced by Islamic architecture when he built it, and that civilization had a great influence on the Indian subcontinent.
And some describe the Taj Mahal as one of the Seven Wonders of the World, because of the creativity and enchanting beauty it carries, as he described as Shah Jahan who ordered the construction of the Taj Mahal due to his feeling of gloom and sorrow over the death of his wife and his beloved Princess Arjamun Banubikum by saying: “If a person burdened with sins takes refuge in this place He will purify himself from his sins as his forgiveness has his sins, and if the sinner takes refuge in this palace, he will erase all his previous sins, but looking at this mausoleum leaves between the springs of the heart a feeling of sadness, and this building was built in this world to show the majesty of the Creator and his ability. ”

Taj Mahal History:

Taj Mahal Specifications:

The Taj Mahal building takes the shape of a mastaba with four corners, each of which has its own entrance and separate from the other entrances, which are distinguished by its distinctive height, and each corner is surrounded by a minaret, where it contains three balconies, topped by a main dome that reaches a height of about 22.5 m, and is located Underneath it is the mausoleum of the third wife of the Muslim Mughal king, Shah Jahan, which is excellent Mahal. Also, the Taj Mahal is characterized by drawings, decorations, white marble and Islamic writings. It is mentioned that after the death of King Shah Jahan, he was buried next to his wife under the same dome, and this mausoleum is surrounded by a group of wide gardens. Completion of its construction after the construction of the squirt shrine Years touch.
The Taj Mahal was called the jewel of Islamic architecture and art in the state of India, because of the beauty and splendor of its design, and the use of the most beautiful Ottoman Islamic inscriptions, in addition to its use of Mughal and Persian architecture and Turkish and Indian styles, which made the Taj Mahal one of the greatest and most beautiful Islamic buildings that were placed under the list The Seven Wonders of the World, as it entered the list of heritage places that must be preserved by UNESCO, as the Taj Mahal is a destination for many engineers and architects around the world, in order to learn from it the origins of telephony and architecture.
The mausoleum is surrounded by a group of distinctive and beautiful decorations made of gold, which he later replaced with bronze, in addition to this there is a crescent made of gold above all decorations, and it is mentioned that the minarets were used for the ears and the harp to pray, and the minarets were not placed as a view of the mausoleum, as it reaches an area The gardens in the Taj Mahal are approximately 300 m, and they are called the Mughal Garden, and they are divided into four sections, with a long pond in the middle, and they are called “Kawthar”, relative to the mentioned Kawthar river and the quality of paradise.

Taj Mahal website and design:

The Taj Mahal is located on the southern bank of the Yamuna River in Accra, India. This huge building is one of the most distinguished examples of Mughal architecture. It also combines many arts such as Islamic art, Indian and Persian art, and the Taj Mahal is built of white marble, which changes its color depending on In sunlight or moonlight on its surface, this marble is inlaid with semi-precious stones, such as turquoise, Tibet, lapis lazuli, liss, jade and crystal.
The Taj Mahal consists mainly on domes and minarets, and the central dome reaches a height of 73 m surrounded by four small domes and four minarets at the corners, as some of the verses were written in the Holy Qur’an on the arched entrances to the shrine, as for the main gate it is made of red sandstone, as The building is surrounded by a square garden divided into long quarters full of water, and there is a mosque in red sandstone, and inside a room that contains a sarcophagus that includes excellent remains of the wife of King Shah Jahan, it is a garden-level room built of marble, and it is decorated with reliefs and stones The likeness is gracious.
As the building of the Taj Mahal is distinguished by the fact that the materials that entered into its construction are from all over the world, it brought transparent white marble from Rajasthan, jade, Punjab, crystal from China, turquoise, Tibet, and not from Afghanistan, I am for sapphire, it is from Sri Lanka, and agate is brought from the Arabian Peninsula In total, white marble was combined with 28 types of semi-precious stones that were used to transport up to 1,000 elephants, but for the total cost of establishing the Taj Mahal it was approximately 50 million rupees at that time.

Tourism in Taj Mahal:

The Indian government has issued some of the laws that work to prevent traffic alongside the shrine, in order to result in pollution, and that is why tourists go to the Taj Mahal Palace only on foot or by riding the electric bus, as the Supreme Court of India has closed some of the factories Operating near the Taj Mahal Palace, to prevent the threat of pollution threatening the prosperity of the Taj Mahal.
Also, the Taj Mahal Palace and the mausoleum located inside the palace, is considered one of the most important Islamic monuments that attract the attention of many tourists from inside and outside India, and about 2 or 4 million visitors throughout the year, and it is one of the busiest months for tourists the cold months.


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