Istanbul is the capital of the state of Turkey, the largest city in Europe in terms of population, with a population in the entire urban area about 14.7 million people, and Istanbul is usually not considered an entire European city because part of it is located in the continent of Asia, except that More than 60% of its population lives in the European part of it, and its development dates back to the Silk Road, and saw a rapid increase in the population in the post-war period, and the city of Istanbul is located on both sides of the Bosphorus at the entrance to the country to the Sea of Marmara, and its name has been changed to Istanbul In 1930 AD, it was known as Constantinople, and before 330 AD it was known as B. Znth.
Moscow is the capital of the state of Russia, the second largest European country in terms of population, with a population of the Moscow metropolitan area of about 12.4 million people, and it is the administrative center of the Central Federal District in western central Russia, which is the largest city in Russia, And its economic and cultural center, as it is the hub of the railway network in Russia, and considered an internal port for it, in addition to that it contains many civil and military airports, and Moscow is characterized economically by many industries such as building machinery, mining, oil refining, film making, and building materials , Vehicles, and Imoaat, as well as wood and paper products, and other industries.
The city of Paris
Paris is the capital of the state of France, the third largest city in Europe in terms of population, with a population of 10.9 million urban areas, located in the north of central France, and is famous for the name of the city of light, as it is one of the beautiful cities and is characterized by its architecture, And museums, bridges, and parks, in addition to flea markets, cafes on both sides of the streets, and spacious and luxurious streets, and there are many monuments.
London is the capital of Britain, the fourth largest city in Europe in terms of population, with a population of the entire urban region of 9 million, and it is one of the oldest major cities in the world; its history extends to nearly two thousand years, and is the center of the economy And, transportation, and culture in the country, London is located in the southeast of England on the banks of the River Thames, and the area south of the River Thames belongs to the historical county of Surrey, while the part north of the River Thames belongs to Middlesex County, and an area of approximately 1,572 square kilometers.
The city of Madrid
Madrid is the capital of the fifth largest city in Europe, with a population of 6.5 million, and is located near the geographical center of the Iberian Peninsula. Madrid was founded by Moroccans who traveled from North Africa through the Mediterranean For the invasion of the Iberian Peninsula, it was not approved as the capital of Spain until 1561 AD, and Madrid is distinguished as the second largest industrial center in Spain after Barcelona, where aircraft, electrical equipment and agricultural machinery are manufactured, in addition to leather goods, and Madrid is considered the center of the national government, And the transportation center in th Ladd, one of the most important publishing centers for materials Spanish language in the world, with an area of approximately 1,942 square kilometers.
Other large European cities
Among the major cities in Europe also in terms of population are the following:
- The city of Barcelona is in Spain, and has a population of 5.5 million.
- The city of St. Petersburg in Russia, with a population of 5.4 million.
- The city of Rome is in Italy, with a population of 4.2 million.
- The city of Berlin is in Germany, with a population of 3.6 million.
- The city of Athens is in Greece, with a population of 3.2 million.