Malaysia (English: Malaysia) is an Asian country located in the east of the continent of Asia and covers an area of 330,000 km2, and its population reaches 31.7 million people according to the statistics of the year 2016. It is characterized by its many beautiful cities that helped revitalize the economy and attract tourists to Malaysia. The state of Malaysia consists of two separate parts: the first is the peninsula of Malaysia, which is located in the southeast of the continent of Asia, and the second is eastern Malaysia or the so-called island of Borneo, and includes the regions of Sabah and Sarawak. The two regions are separated by the South China Sea.
The capital of Malaysia
The capital of Malaysia is Kuala Lumpur, and it is the largest and most famous city in it. The city owns many of the ingredients that contributed to its fame, and it is called the Malaysian City of Gardens due to the many parks and many parks in it. One of the most prominent landmarks in the Malaysian capital is the tallest and tallest tower in the world, and they are called the Twin Towers (Petronas Towers). The towers were built in 1998 and are 452 meters long and consist of 88 floors, connected by a bridge on the 41st and 42th floors. The base of the two towers forms an eight-pointed star, and is an element that expresses Islamic culture.
The population of the city of Kuala Lumpur is 1.79 million, according to the latest statistics for the year 2016. The city includes many different races, which are distributed as follows:
- MalawiansMalawians make up 45.9% of the city’s population, and most of them convert to Islam. They speak the Bahasa Malay language (Malay) which is similar to the Indonesian language.
- ChineseChina accounts for 43.2% of the population, and it is the second largest ethnicity in Kuala Lumpur. The Chinese flocked to Kuala Lumpur to work where the economic boom. Most of them speak English, with some other Chinese dialects.
- IndiansThey make up 10.3% of the population, and they are the third largest race in the city. Most of them embrace Hinduism, and they speak Hindi or Tamil.
- Other races: They make up 1.6% of the population, and they are ethnic Punjab, and Orang Asli.
Most of the city’s population converts to Islam with 46.4%, while 35.7% of the population converts to Buddhism, 8.5% convert to Hinduism, 5.8% convert to Christianity, and 1.1% practice Taoism. The official language of Kuala Lumpur is Bhasa Malay (Malay), and English is a compulsory language taught in schools.
Kuala Lumpur is located on the peninsula of Malaysia, southwest of the peninsula. Surrounding the city in all its aspects is the city of Slagor, where Kuala Lumpur is mediating the city. Kuala Lumpur extends over an area of 243 km2, where the coordinates of the city extend between ′8 ° 3 to the north, and ′41 ° 101 to the east. Kuala Lumpur is 8 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT +8).
Kuala Lumpur has a warm and humid climate for most of the year, and it is characterized by a tropical climate, which means that it is affected by monsoons. The mountains surround the city from many sides, which means that its atmosphere is characterized by a relative cold compared to the surrounding areas, but it is not affected by the seasonal winds due to these mountains. The city temperatures range between 29 ° and 35 ° C during the day, while night temperatures range between 26 ° and 29 ° C. The average annual rainfall in Kuala Lumpur is 2366.2 mm.
The Kuala Lumpur economy is one of the strongest economies in the world, as the city is one of the vital cities that attract investment because of its strategic location first, and due to the availability of appropriate infrastructure second. The city is one of the 27 cities in which the global economy is concentrated, with 56.8% of global companies currently investing in the city, the most important of which are HP and Petronas.
The city depends on many sectors that contribute to the gross domestic product, as the financial sector in the city constitutes 8.6% of the gross domestic product, while the electronics manufacturing and exporting sector contributes to 32.8% in the gross domestic product. In 2015, the city’s GDP was $ 36,286.48, while the per capita GDP was $ 21,430 in the same period.
Kuala Lumpur dates back to the year 1857 when Raja Abdullah created a region in the Klang River for ten miners, at which time Chinese miners came to the area, and then prospered and attracted many merchants and businesses. The commercial area of tin trade was then identified at the meeting point of the Klang and Jumbak rivers, which later became Kuala Lumpur.
As for the modern history of Kuala Lumpur, it started in 1898, when it started as a municipal council and later developed into a municipality in the year 1948. In 1957 Kuala Lumpur became the capital of the Malaysian Federation, then the capital of Bamba, the language of Malaysia | Malaysia]]In 1963. Kuala Lumpur officially became a city only in 1972. Two years later, in 1974, it became the main city of the Federal District of Malaysia.
Kuala Lumpur is distinguished by its tourism sector, which attracts approximately 8.9 million tourists annually. The city is characterized by its beautiful atmosphere and attractive attractions. One of the most famous monuments of Kuala Lumpu that tourists can visit is the royal palace Astana Negara, which was inhabited by the King and Queen of Malaysia until 2011, and is located on a plateau surrounded by gardens, green trees and flowers that open throughout the year, allowing the visitor to visit and view the palace.
Ten minutes away from the center of the capital, a visitor can head to the most beautiful lakes, which is Lake Pradana, which includes a large lake, in addition to the forests and parks that families in Malaysia occupy, and they occupy a very large area in Kuala Lumpur.
Near the Kuala Lumpur Lighthouse Tower is also famous for the Bukit Nanas Reserve, which is considered to be a forest, protected and garden at the same time, and includes animals and snakes found in glass cages. Because of the widespread forests and gardens, the Forest Research Institute was established, which is a large institute specialized in the study of forests, and the institute includes many types of plants, the number of which exceeds fifteen thousand species of plants.
Due to the conversion of Islam to the majority of the population of Malaysia, the capital is distinguished by the fact that it includes the largest mosques in Malaysia and Asia, which is the National Mosque, and was called the National because its dome was made of an engineering form consisting of eighteen ribs, and it symbolizes the number of the 13 states of Malaysia and the five pillars of Islam. The construction of the mosque is distinguished by its decoration and Islamic art. It is located near the mosque by a train station and it is one of the oldest stations in it.