What is the name of the first Ottoman capital?

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Market

The stock exchange of the city, which was the capital of many civilizations and religions for many centuries, and today it is a city abundant with historical monuments such as mosques to schools and churches in addition to its natural beauty. Many Turkish Emirates emerged after the end of the Seljuk invasion of Turkey, the most important of which was the Ottoman Emirate of Belek located northwest of Anatolia, which was founded by Osman Bey in 1299, then he decided to take Bursa as the first Ottoman capital after many attempts to besiege it until it fell under the grip of Osman Ghazi to become the official capital The Ottoman Empire in 1335 ordered Orhan Ghazi to strike the money in his name, to wear clothes that distinguished him from others, and to start forming the infantry army.

History of Bursa

Orhan Ghazi ruled for about 35 years, then his son Murad Han bin Orhan bin Othman Ghazi, who was the Ottoman Sultan, succeeded him, moving the capital after a period to Edirne, but despite this, Bursa retained its spiritual and economic importance, in which a hospital with hot mineral springs was established to treat patients, and was distinguished Also, the Ottoman architecture in Bursa with its distinctive style influenced by Byzantine architecture. In 1402, the Tamerlane army destroyed and burned many schools, colleges, mosques and other landmarks in the city.

Stock markets

A number of markets were established in Bursa, especially those concerned with the trade of spinning, weaving, cotton, sewing supplies and tailors, as well as horse and livestock markets, fruit markets, silk markets, poultry markets, the copper market and many others.

Mosques in Bursa

The most famous mosques in Bursa were the Bursa Oulu Mosque, which belongs to the Islamic style, with a beautiful roof, and many sidewalks, columns, domes, and minarets. Yashil Mosque, which was built in 1419, which is characterized by its marble, window frames, doors and beautiful stone inscriptions, and many others such as the Mouradia Mosque and the Prince Sultan Mosque

Bursa residents

Bursa had witnessed several waves of immigrant population from Central Asia, as well as the Greek immigrants from Moria, as well as the Armenians who were later allowed to establish the Armenian Patriarchate, and the Jews especially with the development of trade and money lending, the drafting of gold, sewing and many professions that required many people to live In Bursa, he also brought to the Stock Exchange people from Rumelia in Eastern Europe, and from the Caucasus during the Russian-Ottoman war, as well as many Muslims and from different regions.

Education in Bursa

There were many schools in the Stock Exchange such as the American Protestant Missionary Schools, in addition to the secondary schools for boys that study arithmetic, geography, engineering, botany, physics, astronomy and history, as well as the military high school with one building, then a second building and hospital were added, and a school was also established Al-Hamidiya Technical School, Royal Prep School.

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