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The city of Ulan
Ulaanbaatar is considered the capital of the popular Mongolia, the city of Ulaanbaatar is located in the northeast of Mongolia, which is a city surrounded by mountains from each side, and it is the largest city in the state, and Mongolia is a large country, with an area of more than one and a half million square kilometers, and its area specifically 1,564,116 Km, and it is one of the twenty largest countries in the world, Mongolia borders China from all sides except the northern one, as it is bordered by Russia. Ulaanbaatar is home to nearly half of the Mongolian population, as the capital hosts 45% of the Mongolian population. The majority of the population is Calca, whose percentage of the population is Mongolia in general, 86%, and the remaining small percentage is distributed among the population of Turkish, Kazakh, Russian, Chinese, Korean and American nationalities.
History of the city of Ulan
This city was formerly called Urgo, and this city appeared in 1639, and it was at first a monastery belonging to the Lamaism one of the branches of Buddhism, and did not take this new name Ulaan Bator until after the exit of the Chinese forces from it that entered it in 1919, but soon it came out From it, it withdrew from it after only two years in 1921, and since then Ulan Bator became the capital of the Mongolian People, after the leader Sukhi Bator who led the War of Independence from China.
The religions of the City of Ulan
The inhabitants of Mongolia embrace shamanism, which means worshiping the blue sky, Tibetan Buddhism, and Buddhist monasteries were scattered in Mongolia until the beginning of the twentieth century, but when the Communists entered Mongolia they destroyed many monasteries, and closed a number of others, leaving only a few, and by the end of the last century and Beginning of the new century, more than 100 monasteries were allowed to open their religious rituals. People in Mongolia have a small percentage of the population over the true Islamic religion, and they are part of the Kazakh and Turkish tribes. Most Mongolians speak Mongolian, and Russian and English come second in terms of usage in this era.
Landmarks of the city of Ulan
There are many ministries and government buildings in Ulaanbaatar, which includes the Mongolian State University which was established in 1946, and a group of museums, and residential buildings have developed since the second half of the last century, and the city has moved to modern residential buildings, and connects the city with the rest of Mongolia’s cities with a modern road network Because all government industries and institutions are in Ulaanbaatar. Citizens of Ulaanbaatar elect a city council every three years, and this council examines city affairs and follows up the permanent committees of industry, catering, and trade.
Economy of Ulan
Ulaanbaatar produces more than half of the industrial production of Mongolia, and the most important industries produced by this city: the manufacture of shoes and woolen clothes, building materials such as cement, and the manufacture of wood and some mineral materials, and also produces medicines and soap.