What is the Sphinx

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The Sphinx is one of the largest statues in the world, reaching 20 meters in length, while its width reaches to 73 meters, and it is characterized by the body of a lion and the head of a human being, and its head is adorned with a royal head covering, a statue sculpted from one piece of limestone, and according to some estimates it took It was built about three years ago by 100 workers using stone hammers and copper chisels, and most historians suggest that the Sphinx belonged to the fourth dynasty that Khafri added, yet some believe it was built by the brother of Khafri’s older brother, Djedefre, to commemorate their father Khufu These scholars point out that the sphinx’s face Enlarge bears more resemblance to Khvra, which rumored that Cheops himself is built the statue.

The goal of building the Sphinx

The three pyramids were built as a tomb to protect the king’s body, and to preserve the supplies he would need in the afterlife from thieves, and it was also believed that his construction was pointed at the top of the pyramid, as a starting point for the king’s spirit to ascend to the sky and join the sun god, but in the nineteenth century an opening of The northern side of the Great Pyramid, and it has recently become the entrance to the pyramid. Today, visitors enter from the Temple Corridor that leads to the Great Gallery, which is a wide corridor with a height of 8.53 meters, to reach the king’s room whose walls are lined with solid red granite, to see The sarcophagus of the king that was broken by Thieves, the only thing that was left in the room, because they do not know the way out of the corridor.

The three pyramids

The pyramids are located on the Giza Plateau in the Egyptian cemetery, where they are the most famous compared to the pyramids of the Old Kingdom, and they contain three huge pyramids, which are:

  • The Great Pyramid of Khufu, which ruled from about 2589 to 2566 BC.
  • The pyramid of Ibn Khufu, Khafra, which is believed to have ruled from about 2558 BC, to about 2532 BC.
  • Pyramid of Khufu’s grandson, Menkaure.


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