Tourism in Istanbul
Istanbul is the only beautiful and touristy city that lies between two continents, Asia and Europe, and is considered the second largest city in the world in terms of population, and it is (Constantinople) that reminds us of the Renaissance during the time of the Ottomans. Perhaps these reasons together call us to try tourism in Istanbul and we are eager to see it. What are the most important tourist attractions in Istanbul? What are the most beautiful areas in it?
Tourist areas in Istanbul
It was the beginning of an Orthodox church, but it turned into a mosque after the Islamic conquest of the country, then it turned into a museum in the modern era. It was established by Emperor Justinian in 532 AD, and it took five years to be fully built. Hagia Sophia is located near Sultan Ahmed Mosque in the Sultanahmet area.
And Hagia Sophia contains a set of factors that made it architecturally distinct over the ages, including:
- They are rectangular in Byzantine style.
- Its main hall is crowned by a huge dome that is a sign of beauty and art.
- Covered from the inside with a layer of lead to preserve it.
- Around it is a group of small buildings that previously had religious centers.
Sultan Ahmad Mosque
It is known as the (Blue Mosque), and it is located opposite Ayia Sofia, built by the well-known Turkish engineer (Muhammed Aga), and it took seven years; it was built in 1616 AD. Among the most important features of architecture in this mosque:
- It is considered the largest mosque in the Islamic world to the present day.
- It has five main doors.
- It is surrounded by a large dome surrounded by four semi-domes.
- Every corner of the mosque is surmounted by a small dome.
- Its domes have windows that allow sunlight to pass.
- It contains six minarets
Obelisk of Tuthmosis the Third
It was built by Pharaoh Tatmus in 1479 BC, and then Emperor Theodosius I transferred it to Istanbul in 378 AD, and put it on the race track.
Sultan’s Mother Mosque
Or the new mosque, located near the Galata Bridge. Sultana (Safia) ordered its construction, and it was supervised by Engineer (Dawood Agha), and completed in 1599 AD.
The High Gate Palace
It was built by Sultan Muhammad al-Fatih after its conquest of Constantinople in 1459, and it became the seat of the sultan from that time until 1856 CE. Among the characteristics of the palace are:
- It is the best place for cultural diversity historically.
- The palace contains the safe deposit box, which contains the mantle of the Messenger, may God bless him and grant him peace, his hair, and some of its effects.
It is the bridge between Asia and Africa, and anyone who wants to travel between the two city divisions must pass through it, as it is 1510 meters long and 105 meters high, and it is one of the longest suspension bridges in the world, built in 1973.