Where is Abu Simbel located?
The Egyptian village of Abu Simbel is located in the south of Egypt, on the west bank of Lake Nasser, and is approximately two hundred and ninety kilometers from Aswan, and is the home of the temples of Abu Simbel, which dates back to nearly three thousand years. It started construction in one thousand two hundred and sixty-four, and was completed after some time Nearly twenty years, the goal of building the temple was to influence Egypt’s neighbors located on the southern border, and to establish the Egyptian religion in the region. Abu Simbel was devoted to worshiping the gods Ptah, Amun, Ramses II, Pharaoh, and the spirit of Harakht, and during the passage of time the sand covered the temple, It remained covered until it was discovered by the proper orientalist Jean-Louis Rey frieze in Barkhardt thousand eight hundred and thirteen.
Abu Simbel Temples
Abu Simbel contains two temples carved in the rock. The first and largest temple contains four very large statues of the Pharaonic king Ramses II, each one twenty-one meters high, and the second temple believed to be built for Queen Nefertiti contains two statues of the queen, and four statues of Ramesses II, reaching a height of Each ten meters.
Transfer of the Temple of Abu Simbel
Abu Simbel was exposed in the mid-twentieth century to the risk of flooding, due to the reservoir of the Aswan High Dam near the temple, at which time the Egyptian government, in cooperation with UNESCO, sponsored a project to save Abu Simbel. From more than fifty countries, then a workforce, an international team of engineers, and scientists between one thousand nine hundred and sixty-three, one thousand nine hundred and sixty-eight digged, dismantled the entire Abu Simbel temple, and moved it to a site sixty meters above its previous location, and it was moved Sixteen thousand pieces of report A then, in the year one thousand nine hundred and seventy-nine temple was included on the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites.