Where is Moscow located?

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The Russian capital is the main political, economic, cultural and scientific center in Russia, and the eastern part of the European continent, which is the largest city in this continent, and in 2014 Moscow occupied the ninth place as the most expensive city in the world, and is the home of the Ostankino tower, which is the longest existing structure in The continent.


The reason for the designation of the city of Moscow (English: Moscow) is the Moskva River, which passes through the heart of the capital. The city won many titles such as the Third Rome for being one of the main sites of the Catholic Church, the City of the Hero, the First Throne, and Whitestone.



Moscow is located on the banks of the Moskva River in the central federal region of European Russia, and the river runs through the city for a distance of up to 500 kilometers through the Eastern European Plains in central Russia. The coordinates of the city are limited to 45 ° 55 ′ towards the north, and 37 ° 37 ′ to the east, and the distance between the east and west sides of Moscow is 39 km, and between the north and south sides is about 52 km, and the total area of ​​the city is 2500 km square.

the climate

Moscow has a generally cold climate, with an average annual temperature of 5.8 °. Winter temperatures drop below zero, and December, January, and February are characterized by the lowest temperatures during the year. This leads to heavy snowfall, and snow cover reigns throughout the city in December, January, February, and March with altitudes of up to 35 Centimeter. While the summers are mild, with peaks in July averaging 19.2 °.

The timing

Moscow time is the reference for most regions of Western Russia, and it is called the official Moscow time (English: MSK), and this time exceeds three hours more than UTC (3 +), and equal time (GMT + 3).


According to official statistics, the population of Moscow reached 11,918,057 people in 2012, increasing by 11,503,501 people registered in 2010, making it the most populous city in Russia. The city includes many different races and nationalities, most notably the Russians, the Ukrainians, the Tatars, Armenians, Azerbaijanis, Belarusians, and others.

The language

The official language of Moscow is Russian, according to the Russian Constitution, with 6,435,753 people speaking in Moscow, equivalent to almost half of the population. Besides the Russian language, there are many other languages ​​that are used in Moscow, as follows:

  • Ukrainian: spoken by 78,520 people.
  • Armenian: spoken by 29,254 people.
  • Tatar: spoken by 20,232 people.
  • Uzbek: spoken by 17,217 people.
  • Belarusian: spoken by 11,599 people.
  • Other languages: 806,790 people speak it.


Christianity is the most widespread and official religion in Moscow, represented mainly by the Orthodox Church. There are followers of Christianity from other denominations, such as Roman Catholics, Protestants, and others. Besides Christianity, various other religions are spread in the city of Moscow, such as the converts of Islamic religion, Judaism, Buddhism, and Baha’i.


The city owns one of the largest local economies on the European continent, and this economy accounts for 22% of Russia’s GDP, as the value of Moscow’s gross regional product reached 12,808,573.4 rubles (203,620.58 dollars) and is considered the financial center, and is home to the banks and major companies in the country, and is approved The city’s economy is based on natural gas and industry.

The industrial sector includes the manufacture of chemicals, metals, foodstuffs, textiles, furniture, energy production, software development, and industrial machinery. The city contains the Sukhoi Helicopter Factory, which is one of the leading companies producing military and civilian helicopters in the world, and the International Research Center, And the space that produces various space equipment, a car factory, another for transformers and microelectronics, so that Moscow will be one of the most important industrial cities in the world, as the city alone contains 500 companies.


The city of Moscow is characterized by its tourist attraction, as it has the largest number of visitors and tourists among Russian cities, as the number of tourist trips to Moscow alone reached 4 million trips in 2011. The city includes many tourism services; from services facilities such as luxury hotels, shopping centers, In addition to more than 400 museums, 200 art galleries, 129 theaters, and more.

Gardens and parks

The city includes 96 parks and 18 parks. The total area of ​​green spaces in the city is 450 square kilometers and 100 square kilometers of forests, making it one of the most beautiful cities. Thousands of visitors visit these regions every day, for the purpose of enjoying its beauty, reading among its branches, dancing and playing, and the most famous of these spaces are the Gorky Park, the Culture Park, Lesopark Park, Lazmilovsky, Philly, Sokolniki Park, Cine Ostrov, and the National Park.

The media

The city is home to various media outlets. It contains many English-language newspapers such as the Moscow Times, and Russian-speaking newspapers such as Kommersant, Novaya Gazeta, and many televisions as Russia’s first, second, fifth, twenty-fifth, NTV, TSENTR, REN TV, and STS. , TV-3, Zvezda, Euronews, Disney, Moskva, 2X2, Petersburg, RBC, and RU.TV. In addition to the TV channels, Moscow contains 50 radio stations, including Radio Europa Plus, Megapolis, Radio Kulturra, Pioneer, Svoboda, Komsomolskaya Pravda, Monte Carlo and Orpheus.


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