Where is Petra located?

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Petra city website

The famous city of Petra can be described as follows:

  • Geography: The Nabatean city of Petra is located 260 km south of the Jordanian capital, Amman, and 133 km north of the city of Aqaba, and thus it occupies a strategic location for the old trade, as it is located on the way of the south, and the north leading from Egypt, and the Arabian Peninsula, to the city of Damascus, and the city has extended in the past To large areas, so that it included the regions of eastern Jordan, and areas from the south of the Levant, and from the Sinai Peninsula, and the northwestern regions of the Arabian Peninsula, as it extended to southern Syria to occupy parts of the Houran region.
  • Astronomically: The astronomical location of Petra can be described by its location in latitude (30,333333), and longitude (35,433333).
  • How to reach it: The city of Petra can be reached by land from Amman via the desert road, where the trip needs approximately 3 hours, or it can be directed through the seventh roundabout road in Amman, and take the Kings Highway to reach the city within 5 hours.

A brief description of the city of Petra

Petra, which is called the “Lost City”, is described as a city carved in red sandstone rock, and it extends over an area of ​​approximately 261.71 km2, where a visitor can reach it through a natural rocky slit represented by a winding road called (Al-Saiq).
It is worth noting that the city contains a number of temples, and a number of graves, the most famous of which are: royal tombs and the Corinthian tomb, as well as a genius water system attached to the city, represented by water channels, and water reservoirs that indicate the extent of development in the water engineering reached by the Nabataeans. At that time, in addition to the presence of a huge monastery that dates back to the first millennium, bearing in mind that the city was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985, as it is one of the most famous archaeological sites in the world.

A brief history of Petra

The construction of the city of Petra dates back to the 4th century BC, at the hands of the indigenous Nabataeans who lived in southwest Jordan, where they took a commercial center from the city, and in 312 BC the Greeks attacked the city, but the mountainous terrain surrounding Petra formed a protection Natural to the city, so the Nabateans managed to repel the attack. Then came the Romans who attacked the city in 106 AD, and they were able to annex it to the Roman Empire, knowing that their influence in the city lasted for 250 years until it was exposed to an earthquake in the middle of the 4th century AD; most of its buildings were destroyed, occupied by the Byzantines, and they inhabited it for 300 years.


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Roman ruins in Egypt


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