Where is the Abu Simbel temple?

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Abu Simbel site

Abu Simbel is one of the important archaeological sites located in the Arab Republic of Egypt, where it is located in the south of the country on the west bank of Lake Nasser, which is 290 kilometers southwest of the city of Aswan.

Landmarks of Abu Simbel

The Temple of Abu Simbel includes two huge rock temples, which are carved since the thirteenth century BC in the mountains, that is, since the reign of the Pharaonic king Ramses II, and formed a monument for him and also for the Queen Nefertari, he started building the complex of Abu Simbel Temple in 1244 BC. M, and the work to complete its construction lasted for about twenty one years, and this temple was known in the past as the Ramses Temple, which was loved by Amun, and the memorial was mentioned in celebration of the mention of the Battle of Kadesh in which he won, in addition to enhancing the image of Egypt and the power of its king from neighboring countries, Also, in order to strengthen the Egyptian religion in all of the region, the temple is formed of six rocks in the area of ​​Nubia, and the entrance to the temple contains four statues of Ramses, and also four of Nefertari.

Information about Abu Simbel

Information about Abu Simbel:

  • Temple transportation: In 1960 AD, this temple was completely moved to an artificial hill in Aswan on the High Dam above its reservoir, and this transportation was necessary, in order to avoid submerging these temples with water as a result of the development of Lake Nasser, which resulted in an artificial reservoir of water on the Nile River, which was named Abu Simbel site is a World Heritage site by the UNESCO, and came under the name (the effects of Nubia).
  • Temple discovery: Many centuries passed, the temples were completely deserted, and the sand covered them almost completely, to come in 1813 AD, and JL Borchhardt, who is an orientalist from Switzerland, finds the promenade of the main temple. He found it, to travel together there, but they could not dig an entrance to the temple, so they came back without any benefit, but the Italian Giovanni returns again in 1817 AD, and he worked to open an entrance to the temple and succeeds in doing so, and he carries everything that was found of value.
  • reason of calling: The tour guides in Abu Simbel temple speak today that there is a legend that talks about the presence of a young boy who lives in the place, who led the explorers to this site again, and that he used to see him permanently buried with sand that moves from time to time, and based on this legend, he This temple is called Abu Simbel after it was previously known as Ramses and Nefertari Temple.


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