It is also called the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, it is one of the most sacred Christian places in the world, and as Christians believe it contains the grave of Christ, so it was called the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, and it was also built near the place or over the place of the rock on which Christ was crucified. But where is it located, how was the construction process, and what does it represent for Christians?
Location and reason for naming
The Church of the Holy Sepulcher is located in the northwestern part of Jerusalem, in the Christian Quarter, within the walls of its ancient town, in Palestine. As we mentioned, it is considered one of the oldest and most sacred churches for Christians and they make pilgrimages to it every year, because it was built on the so-called “Calvary or Calvary” which is the rock that Christians believe that Christ was crucified over it, and this name was named after the resurrection of Christ from Between the dead on the third day of his crucifixion after his death on the cross.Read:Tourism in Peru .. your tour guide for a wonderful trip in Peru, “Land of the Incas” ..
The Church of the Holy Sepulcher was built around the year 326 AD by Queen Helena, mother of the Emperor Constantine the Great, meaning that it dates back to the Byzantine era, and the construction process took ten years, and its construction was supervised by the destructive Arab engineer “Zanobezes” and a priest from Constantinople called “Astatius”, as the length of the church Eighty meters and sixty six meters wide.
Stations in the historical path of construction: The Church of the Holy Sepulcher passed through many important historical events that affected it, including the Persian invasion of Palestine in 628 AD, which greatly damaged the holy sites in Palestine, including the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, where the monk Modestus re-restored and restored the church, either in the stage of conquest The Arab Muslim of Jerusalem did not harm or even the Holy Sepulcher there. Rather, Christians enjoyed their religious freedom and security over their churches, according to the implementation of the age covenant he gave them after he opened to Jerusalem, and he did not accept that he prayed in the Church of Qiya After the date of prayer, which was attended by the Muslims, lest taken chapel and a mosque of his promise. In the year 926 CE, the Jews burned the Church of the Holy Sepulcher after the disturbances in the city of Jerusalem, which were between Christians and Jews.Read:Where is the longest street in the world?
The Eastern Orthodox Church and the Eastern Orthodox Catholic Church share, as for its contents, the Church of the Holy Sepulcher contains the grave of Joseph the Shepherd and his family, and the Church of the Holy Sepulcher contains a number of silos and rooms, and the Church of the Holy Sepulcher also has some other churches, the most important of which are: the Greek Orthodox Church, as its entrance corresponds to a facade The dome of the Holy Sepulcher contains two large thrones, and it contains ancient ecclesiastical artifacts, and also contains chapels for other denominations.