Table of Contents
Farab City website
The city of Farab is currently located in a region called Kazakhstan, specifically on the bank of the Sihoun River near Kashgar or the so-called Plasagon country, and it was opened by the Muslim leader Qutayba Muslim Al-Bahli in the year 93 AH / 713 AD, and this was specifically during the era of the Umayyad Caliph Abd al-Malik bin Marwan, Then it was opened again in the era of the Samanids, and that was in the year 225 AH / 840 CE, by the leader Noah bin Asad in the Abbasid era, the time of the Caliph al-Mu’tasim, and it was called Barab and Atar or Atar and that was in the tenth century AD.
Many historians and politicians described it as a key to the region behind the two rivers, because it is considered one of the greatest Turkestan cities, so the Tatars seized it in the year 616 AH / 1219 CE, paving the way for them to seize the entire regions of Asia Minor, in addition to Asia, in particular Western, and named it The hand of Genghis Khan Utala’s minister.
Its most prominent scholars
In addition to the historical effects that indicate its importance, especially after the end of the Mongol campaign against it, Farab was known with knowledge, so the most important scholars of this nation came out of them, including Al-Farabi and Al-Jawhari.
His name is Muhammed bin Muhammed bin Uzlag bin Tarkhan Abu Nasr, nicknamed the Farabi relative to his city in which he was born, where he was born in a town called Wajeej, which is affiliated with the city of Farab, and that was in the year 260 AH / 983 AD until he died in the city of Damascus in 339 AH / 950 m. His life was asceticism in both power and money, but he never approached politics, so he was respected and cared for, especially by the rulers of the Gulf states and specifically the Emirates, but his books were multiple and in various fields as well. For example in the field of philosophy, a thousand books collection Most notably, the book combining the opinion of the wise, the precursor in logic and many others, and in the field of music.
His name is Ismail bin Hammad, the Turkish Atari Abu Nasr, called Al-Jawhari and according to historical accounts. He died in 393 AH / 1002AD, he excelled in many sciences, most notably related to the Arabic language and its literature in addition to poetry, and among his most important books is a book called Al-Sahah and another book called Presentations, in addition to an introduction in Grammar and the syntax statement and explanation of the literature of the book. Describing a lot of genius, Al-Dhahabi said about him: “And for the essential he organized good.” As for Yaqout, he described it by saying: “He was not late in the course of his peers, and he did not descend from the degree of the sons of his time.” Ibn Barri exaggerated his description, and he said about him: “The essential is the linguists who left.”