Where is the city of Hebron located?

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Khalil city

Hebron is one of the Palestinian cities located in the western bank of the Jordan River, located to the south of Jerusalem, the capital and thirty-five kilometers away from it. Hebron is one of the largest cities in the West Bank in terms of area and population, established by the Canaanites in the early Bronze Age, and is distinguished today by its economic importance because it is considered one of the largest economic centers at the level of the West Bank.

The most important landmarks of Hebron

Hebron is of religious importance for the three Abrahamic religions. The city is surrounded by the Noble Ibrahim Sanctuary, which includes the shrines of the prophets of God, Ibrahim, Isaac, Jacob, and their wives. The city is divided into two parts, the old and the modern towns. The old city is located next to the sanctuary. It is a number of alleys, houses, historical buildings, shops and old markets, and there are a number of museums such as the Hebron Museum, in addition to many parks and public parks, the most important of which is the Carmel Park and the archaeological studies have shown What was done on the city and its judiciary is that the Canaanites were the first to settle in that region, where they established their villages and cities, among them the ancient Hebron, and there are still some ancient antiquities that indicate the nobility of the place, in addition to the Canaanite monuments, the city is under On me, Roman, Byzantine and Umayyad Mamluk and Crusader and Ottoman effects. Morphology research led the city’s old town in terms of planning the city and its lanes.

It is divided into a number of lanes, namely:

  • Sawakneh Lane.
  • The Caspian lane.
  • Bani Dar neighborhood.
  • Castle lane.
  • Al-Mohtasabiah Lane.
  • Al Hoshyah Lane.
  • Punishment Lane.
  • The Kurdish Lane.
  • Al-Maaref School Lane.
  • Jewish Quarter.
  • Qeytun Lane.
  • Al Masharqa Lane.
  • Al-Sheikh neighborhood.
  • Al-Haram Al-Ibrahimi Al-Sharif.
  • Blessing of the Sultan.
  • The Hebron Museum.
  • The Church of Masouboubia.
  • Ramah Al-Khalil.
  • The Jerusalem tree.
  • Brahimi hospice.
  • Ibn Othman Mosque.

A brief history of Hebron

Hebron is one of the few cities that have maintained continuous human stability in it since ancient times, in addition to being considered one of the holy cities of the three religions, and it has become famous as the city of the Fathers, as some believe that the Prophet Ibrahim is the father of monotheistic religions, and he lived in the city in one thousand eight hundred BC And buried there, traces of the early bronze age were found in the city – that is, in the second half of the third millennium B.C. – Hebron was mainly a luxury of the Canaanite cities, and then the city fell under the control of many powers, such as the Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, and alliances. Yak, and then the Romans, then turned to the Byzantine grip, and the Persians re-occupied it for a number of years until the Byzantines managed to take it back and remove it from their hands and evacuate the Persians from it. Their hands until they were defeated in the battle of Hattin in front of the Salah al-Din Army, as the Ashkelon ivory minbar was moved to it after this victory. As for the Mamluk and Ottoman era, the city witnessed an evolution, and became famous for the manufacture of stained glass and jellyfish during the Ottoman era, and its popularity in T As for the period to the extent of its participation in the international exhibition that was held in the meantime in Vienna in the year one thousand eight hundred and seventy three AD, and the city continued its prosperity during the British Mandate period, and the Hebron Municipality was established in the year one thousand nine hundred and twenty seven, half of the city’s jurisdiction fell within the Israeli borders during a war In the year one thousand nine hundred and forty-eight, the judiciary lost most of the villages, towns and fertile lands located to the west of the city, after which the remainder of the city and the judiciary were subjected to the Jordanian administration in the year one thousand five hundred and fifty and in the war of June one thousand nine hundred and sixty seven, the rest of the A city and the judiciary are in the hands of the Israeli occupation, as this occupation confiscated large areas of the city to cultivate Jewish settlers in it, especially those areas located in the old town of the city.


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