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Lima is the capital of the Republic of Peru, which is located in western South America, and is its cultural, economic and industrial center, it is the largest city and inhabited by nearly nine million people, a third of the population of the Republic, as it is one of the most densely populated cities in the world as it was placed in the twenty-seventh of the most populated areas In the world.
The inhabitants of the region speak mainly Spanish with other dialects due to the culture of immigrants. As for the climate of Lima, it is classified as a desert desert, despite the transitional stages of the city due to its geographical location in a tropical desert region on the one hand and its proximity to the cold-watered Pacific on the one hand Others, and information related to this region has been clarified in several ways, including:
The Spanish conqueror occupied Francisco Pissarro, the city of Ychsma, later known as the city of Lima, and it was called the City of Kings, making it its capital in January 1535 AD. This region was chosen as the seat of Spanish rule and remained so for three hundred years. Monasteries, churches, restaurants, bars and universities remain Evidence of its ancient Spanish history.
The National University is the oldest university operating in the Americas, and was founded during the ancient Spanish colonialism in 1551 AD. UNESCO has included the districts of the city of Lima within the World Heritage sites for the presence of many ancient architectural artifacts in them such as the Monastery of Santo Domingo, the Monastery of San Francisco, the Plaza Mayor, and Torre Palace Tale and other buildings that were built in the Middle Ages.
Lima is a heterogeneous mixture of some of the poorest cities that are dominated by the colonial nature, the huge cities that are dominated by modernity, and some islands in the Pacific Ocean. The city has an area of 2,672 km2, surrounded by the Chillon, Rimac and Lorraine rivers, and it consists of 43 provinces. The largest city, Lima Norte, provides the Rimac River mainly with drinking water and electricity needed as fuel for the dams, as the city dams depend on it as a vital supplier of hydroelectric energy.
The city is ranked fifth in terms of population in Latin America, and its population is distinguished as it is by a complex mixture of ethnic components of different origins, as the race that constitutes the largest proportion of this mix is European (especially Spanish and italyn), followed by Peruvian race ( From Britain, Germany, France, Italy, and Spain).
There are also Asians who make up a large number of the population of the region, with the largest grouping of Chinese ethnicities in Latin America, most of whom came in the early nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
The city is considered a city according to its age distribution, youth, according to INEI statistics, the age of young men and boys is 51.5% of its population.