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Tbilisi is the capital of the state of Georgia, and this city was founded in the fifteenth century by the predecessor of the ancient King of Georgia, Iberia, and was at that time the seat of the Karti kingdom, and in the eighteenth century it came under the control of the Caucasus, and the total area of ​​the city reaches three hundred and fifty square kilometers, and lives It has more than one million two hundred thousand people.

The city is one of the most developed cities in the recent period, as it is home to many higher education institutions such as Tbilisi State University, the Georgian Technical University, the Conservatory, the Georgia Institute of Public Affairs, Tbilisi State Medical, the Caucasus University, the American Georgia, the International University of the Black Sea, the Georgian University Agricultural and the International School of Economics, and the city contains many tourist attractions such as the National Georgian Museum, Tbilisi Opera, Shota Academic Theater, Samba Cathedral, Vorontsov Palace.


Tbilisi is located on the southeastern edge of the continent of Europe, a challenge on the southern side of the Caucasus countries, and is located in the eastern part of the Georgian country between the two banks of the Kura River, and the city is surrounded on the north side by the Saguramo Mountains, and on the eastern and southeast sides of the Uri Mountains, and on the southern sides The western mountains are the Trialeti Mountains, and the city coordinates are limited to the equator, at 41 ° and 43 ° to the north, and longitudes 44 ° and 47 ° to the east. The city’s altitude ranges between three hundred and eighty to seven hundred and seventy meters above sea level.

the climate

Tbilisi is affected by the semi-tropical humid climate, and the geographical nature controls the climate of the city, such as mountains, and the nearby water bodies, as it is affected by the dry climate from Siberia in Central Asia, the cold climate from the eastern Atlantic Ocean, and the Black Sea.

The average annual temperature in the city reaches thirteen degrees Celsius, and January is the coldest month with an average temperature of only one degree, and July is the most free month at a rate of twenty-four degrees Celsius, and the average annual precipitation reaches seventy-five mm. Snow falls on the city at a rate of twenty days a year.


The city is one of the most multi-cultural cities in the world, it contains more than one hundred ethnic groups, and the proportion of indigenous Georgians reaches 89% of the population, and the most famous ethnic groups in the city are: Armenians, Russians, Azerbaijanis, Ossetians, Abkhazians, and Ukrainians , Greeks, Germans, Jews, Estonians, Kurds, and Assyrians.

Twin towns

  • German Saarbrucken.
  • French Nantes.
  • Slovenian Ljubljana.
  • The Austrian Innsbruck.
  • italyn Palmero.
  • Spanish Bilbao
  • British Bristol.
  • Armenian Yerevan.
  • Ukrainian Kiev.
  • Kazakh Astana.
  • Lithuanian Vilnius.
  • Moldavian Kinyao.
  • The Egyptian Conquest.
  • Qatar country.
  • Iranian Iran.
  • Minsk in Belarus.

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