Table of Contents
It is one of the Middle East countries known as Persia, and the country borders from the northwestern side Armenia, and from the eastern side Turkmenistan, and from the eastern side Afghanistan and Pakistan, and from the southern side the Gulf of Persia, the Gulf of Oman, and the western side Turkey and Iraq.
Its total area reaches one million six hundred and forty-eight thousand one hundred and ninety-five square kilometers, to occupy the eighteenth place globally in terms of area, and more than seventy-eight and a half million people live on it, and the most important characteristic of it is that it is the only country that has coasts on the Caspian Sea , And the Indian Ocean, and was home to one of the oldest civilizations in the world.
It is one of the provinces located in the northeastern part of Iran, and it is one of the three provinces that were created after the division of Khorasan Province in the year two thousand and four AD, where this city consists of a group of cities and municipalities, namely: Gochan, Guinarat, Dargaz, Sarkhi, and Fariman Haydariyya, Jam, Taybad, Khaf, Kashmir, Birdskin, Nisabur, Al-Janbaz, Kalat, Rushtikhar, Mahvelt, Khalilabad, and Tus, and now includes many ethnic groups such as the Kurds, concrete, Turks, Turkmen, and Afghans.
It is one of the western cities of the Asian continent, and it belongs to the Iranian province of Razavi Khorasan, and is bordered on the north by the city of Ardak, and on the northeast side by the city of Zack, and on the eastern side of Abkram, and on the south side of Mashhad, and on the southeastern side Farmad, Farrakh, and Hemmatabad And, on the western side of Chandbaz.
The history of the city of Tous dates back to the ancient Greek civilization, and was known at that time as Susia, then Alexander the Great conquered it in three hundred and thirty B.C. and called it Tusa, and the Umayyads took control of the city during the era of the Caliph Abd al-Malik, where it remained under his rule until the year seven hundred and forty-seven Then to be under Abbasid control during the reign of Caliph Harun al-Rashid, who died and was buried on its soil, the city suffered from many Mongol attacks that destroyed it during the two thousand two hundred and twenty thousand and two hundred and fifty-nine, and it is now considered one of the most important cities in the Iranian countries.
Tous was the birthplace of many celebrities such as Jabir bin Hayyan, the poet Asadi Al-Tusi, the Islamic scholar Abu Jaafar Al-Tusi, and the poet Ferdowsi the owner of the Shahnameh epic, who died and was buried in the city, where his shrine is considered one of the most important religious and historical monuments that were chosen by UNESCO as one of the sites Cultural heritage in the world.