Where is the largest church in the world?

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St. Peter’s Basilica

St. Peter’s Basilica is the largest church in the world, and it is called the Basilica of St. Peter’s. The cathedral was built in the late Renaissance, north of Rome, and it is located today within the Vatican State, and the cathedral is considered one of the most sacred religious sites in the Catholic Church, and it has a prominent place in The Christian world, where it is considered one of the greatest other churches, in addition to the beauty and harmony it appears in its lines at the peak time.

The religious importance of the cathedral

St. Peter’s Basilica contains the tomb of this saint, and St. Peter’s occupies a prominent place in the Acts of the Apostles and the Gospels of the New Testament. According to the narration, St. Peter’s is the son of (John Abu Yona), and his birthplace is the village of (Beit Saida) near the Sea of ​​Galilee in Palestine to the north From Galilee, this saint is considered the first pope of the Catholic Church, and one of the twelve disciples whom Jesus Christ chose to spread the message.
Where St. Peter was close to Jesus Christ, and according to the dogmas, Jesus handed over to St. Peter the reins of the administration of the church after his death, and from here he considered St. Peter the first bishop in the city of Rome in addition to that he was the first pope of the Catholic Church, and the tomb of St. Peter is located directly under the main altar In the cathedral, which is called (the altar of confession or the papal or St. Peter’s).

Historical background about the cathedral

The church or cathedral was built in the seventeenth century AD, on a site that was the object of reverence and reverence by the Christians of the city of Rome since the first centuries AD, where there was the glorious shrine mentioned by the Roman historian (Gaius), after it was declared that Christianity is the official religion For the Roman Empire, Emperor Constantine built a church over the glorious mausoleum, called the Constantinople Church, and in the Renaissance the church was restored and the cathedral was built as it appears today.
St. Peter’s Basilica contains many pieces of art dating back to the Renaissance and the periods that follow, the most important of which are the works of art by (Michelangelo). The cathedral was included on the World Heritage List as part of the Vatican, and the name of the cathedral was included in the (International Register of Cultural Works) under Special protection for it in the event of any armed clash. The Cathedral of St. Peter is the main residence of the Bishop of Rome, and this is the reason for the name given to it, which means (the chair) derived from the Greek cathedral, but the official residence of the Bishop is the cathedral of Saint John the Latteran. B. The St. Peter’s Basilica was bitten by the word Basilica, which means the big church.

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