Where is the Taj Mahal in India

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Taj Mahal

Location

The Taj Mahal is considered to be one of the most important Indian regions in many ways, as it is located in the city of Agra in the southern part of the Jumman River, where it was built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in order to commemorate his wife, Arjamand Bano, who died after the birth date came, and the Taj Mahal is considered excellent It is one of the most important tourist sites due to the beauty of Islamic architecture found there.

According to many archaeological and historical books, the construction of the Taj Mahal took about 22 years, its beginning in 1632 AD, and the number of workers who worked on its construction and construction reached nearly twenty thousand workers or more, but its material cost has reached forty million rupees, and it is said that most of the lines On its walls are in the Persian language, because Shah Jahan was fond of the Persian language poetry and calligraphy.

Etymology

Researchers and historians have not yet reached a clear reason for the designation, except that people of that era used to call it Rosa Mumtaz Mahal, which means Mumtaz Mahal, and then it became known as the Taj Mahal and its meaning is the Palace of the Crown or the Palace of the Crown.

Reasons for building construction

As for the reason for building this place, it goes back to the marriage of Prince Hizam, meaning Shah Jahan II, who was the product of a great and sublime love story. They got married and became his constant companion on his various travels, trips and visits, in addition to his various military and military tasks, which were his great positive motivation for many of the works Charity is to help the poor and the needy, and he gave birth to 14 of her sons, and she died on her maternity bed after three years, precisely from his abdication in 1630 AD, but when he returned to the throne and power, he resolved to perpetuate her memory by building what is now known as the Taj Mahal.

What encouraged him to build the palace in this particular city is the spread of red castles in it that date back to the time of the Mongols, and in addition to building this palace there were other conditions recommended by his wife, which are distinguished by showing how much she loves and is keen on him. These conditions include the following:

  • First, he build the Taj Mahal.
  • To marry after her death.
  • To treat his children well and satisfactorily.
  • To visit her shrine every year on the date of her death.

Buildings accompanying him

In order to add beauty and create a distinctive place, a number of facilities and landmarks were built, the most prominent of which are:

  • A mosque near the shrine, specifically on the western side of it, is called the Jahan Numa Mosque, and it is characterized by its red sandstone.
  • A guesthouse and visitor room near the mosque.
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