Ziggurat Ur

The Ziggurat Ur is one of the oldest remaining temples in the Iraqi Republic, and this temple is located to the west of the city of Nasiriyah, and the temple appears in a rectangle, forty-five feet high, where the temple was composed of three layers, and above it is a place dedicated to the worship of the great gods of the city Sun, and access is reached To the upper place by two side ladders and a third ladder located in the middle, the temple later became composed of seven layers during the era of the Chaldeans. The Ziggurat of Ur, the founder of the dynasty (Ur) and its greatest kings, built the temple in two thousand and fifty BC.


The ziggurat is a single ziggurat, which are stepped temples, spread in Mesopotamia (Syria and Iraq in addition to Iran), and these temples are hierarchical in shape, the most famous of which was the ziggurat of Ur in the city of Nasiriyah, in addition to many zakat that spread here and there, such as the Aqqurq near From the city of Baghdad, in addition to the many ziggurats in the Syrian lands that belong to different civilizations that originated or passed on its land, and it is worth noting that the number of zakurat in Iraq reached twenty-eight zakurites, which were built during the reigns of the Sumerians, Babylonians, Akkadian, and Assyrians in areas between The two rivers.


Sumeria is located in southern Iraq, and Ur was the capital of the Sumerians in the year two thousand and one hundred BC. The city is located on the mouth of the Euphrates River in the Persian Gulf, and it was oval in shape, but nowadays the city is located in a remote area far from the water of the river because of the changing course of the river, and is located The city is in southern Iraq, a few kilometers from Nasiriyah, and Ur is one of the oldest civilizations found on Earth in the world.

Ur milestones

It is worth noting that the city of Ur is the cradle of the Prophet Ibrahim Al-Khalil, peace be upon him (Abu the Prophets), where he was born in Ur in the year two thousand BC, and in it the Hanafi message was revealed to him, and one of the city’s most famous features is the Ziggurat of Ur, which is the temple of the moon goddess (Lana) in Sumerian mythology, It contained sixteen royal tombs constructed of mud bricks.

Ur contained (well cemetery), where the king was buried with his neighborhood after poisoning after his death, where the maids were buried with the king with all their jewelry and clothes, and Ur lived since the period of slaves, and flourished during the rule of the third dynasty in two thousand and six hundred BC, and considered Ur A sacred city for the moon gods Nana, the Sumerians fortified the city and made it the capital of the region, and they built buildings in it using burned bricks, in addition to building temples for the gods they worshiped, as the city was divided into two parts, one section inhabited by the city’s residents and the other section dedicated to slaves and servants.

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