Cairo is one of the Arab and Islamic cities with an unprecedented tradition, and, as is the case with the old cities, it was surrounded by old walls with huge gates, and so was Cairo, on the northern side of its walls there were two doors: the door of the conquest, and the door of victory, as for the side The eastern part of the fence is the Bab Al-Barfiya and Bab Al-Quraimi, while there are also two doors from the western side. They are the Gate of Happiness, the Gate of Qantara, and finally, in the South Wall there are two walls: the Gate of Faraj and the Gate of Zuweila.
Bab Zuweila site and building
The Zuweila Gate, or as it is also called Bab Al-Mitwali, is one of the most important gates of the ancient city of Cairo, the capital of the Arab Republic of Egypt, where this door is located at the end of the street known as Al-Moez Street, to the religion of God from Fatimid from its southern side, facing Al-Saleh Mosque from the northern side of the ancient street, On the western side, it is bordered by Al-Moayad Mosque, and Bab Zuweila was registered as one of the Islamic monuments. This important door was established in the year four hundred and eighty-five of the noble prophetic immigration, corresponding to the year one thousand and ninety-two AD, and it is a door consisting of a huge building with a depth of approximately twenty five meters, a width of up to twenty five meters as well, and a height of up to twenty four meters . This door consists of two large round towers, where almost a third of the mass protrudes outward from the fence, while in the middle of the two towers there is an open corridor leading to the entrance gate, as the towers rise to approximately two-thirds of the height, and in the upper third there are two rooms used for defensive purposes covered with a longitudinal vault Criss-cross with another cross.
Name and date
This section was called this name in relation to a tribe whose origins date back to the Berbers from the north of the African continent, where the soldiers of this tribe joined the Jawhar Army, which was aiming to conquer Egypt. Historically, this door was famous and marked as a place for hanging the heads of the apostles sent by Hulagu, the leader of the Tatars, when they came to threaten Egypt, and he had to execute Sultan Tuman Bay, during the period in which the Ottoman Sultan Selim I opened Egypt and made it a vassal of the Ottoman Empire, and the door of Zuweila was able to preserve Its construction is sound, and he thus resisted various factors of time, which is a door that is distinguished by its beauty and elegance, like all other ancient Egyptian relics. The Zuweila chapter was mentioned by the historian al-Qalqashandi, and this historian mentioned verses that included mentioning this section:
Dude, if you saw the door of Zoila
I would have learned how to replace it with a structure
If Pharaoh saw him he did not want
An edifice and recommended by Hamaan