Who built the city of Jerash

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Jerash city

Jerash is a Jordanian city founded in the fourth century BC, and was built at the hands of Greece during the reign of Alexander the Great, and they called it the name of Gerasa, and it had a great place during their rule, and it is considered one of the best preserved Roman ruins in the world, and throughout history it has been called by many Among the designations such as the city of Pompeii in the east, the city of a thousand pillars, and the city of Gershaw in the sense of a place dense trees in the Canaanite language, and today the city belongs administratively to the province of Jerash and is considered its administrative capital.

Geography of Jerash

  • Area: Its land area is 410 kilometers, and the sea level is 600 meters.
  • Geographical location: It is located geographically in the north side of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, specifically in a green valley in which water runs, as the city of Irbid and Amman is mediated, and it is 48 km away from the capital, Amman.
  • the climate: Its climate is characterized as a Mediterranean grove; hot, dry in summer, and cold rainy in winter.

Jerash city economy

  • Agriculture sector: Among the most prominent crops are olives.
  • tourism sector: It occupies the first degree of its income, as it contains a large number of tourist, historical and archaeological sites, including:
    • Columns Street: It is the main street of Jerash, and its length is 800 meters.
    • Temple of Artemis: Built in the second century AD, it was a temple to the guarding gods of the city, and is considered one of the most luxurious monuments in Jerash.
    • The headquarters of the two pools of Jerash: It was a place where the Romans celebrated the spring.
    • The way of the nymphs: It was built at the end of the second century AD, and it is a building that contains water fountains erected for the nymphs of water.
    • The Umayyad Mosque: It was built in the second quarter of the eighth century AD.
    • Other highlights: the Southern Theater built at the end of the first century AD, the Hippodorm Horse Track known as the Circus, the Southern Gate known as the Philadelphia Gate, the Oval Seminar Square, and the cathedral with a huge stone portal.

General information about the city of Jerash

  • Ruby al-Hamwi said about it in his book Glossary of Countries: (Jerash, this is the name of a great city that was, and is now ruined).
  • The city’s population consists of many ethnicities, such as Circassians and Arabs.
  • Jerash contains two camps:
    • Souf camp, which was established after the Nakba in 1948.
    • Jerash camp, which was established after the setback in 1967.
  • The Jerash Festival is held in the city every year in the month of July, in which it displays many folk dance performances, musical evenings, ballet dances, opera performances, plays and lyrical evenings.
  • In the year 747 AD, the city was struck by a violent earthquake, which destroyed large parts of it, which led to the burial of its ruins, and in the year 1806 AD, German explorer Ulrich Jasper Zetsen discovered it.
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