Table of Contents
The reason for building the Eiffel Tower
The reason for building the Eiffel Tower located in France is due to the celebration of the centenary of the French Revolution, where the French government organized an international exhibition in 1889, and held a competition to design a memorial suitable for this anniversary, and more than 100 plans were submitted for that, except that The committee overseeing the competition accepted the plan of the famous bridge engineer Alexander Gustav Eiffel, as it sparked Gustav’s idea to build a 300-meter-high tower of wrought iron mesh at that time, surprising and opposing, but then it was the entrance gate to the exhibition.
Design and construction of the Eiffel Tower
The committee that supervised the competition granted permission to the Eiffel Contracting Company to construct the tower, as it was a consulting firm specializing in construction work owned by the architect and bridge builder and expert Alexander Gustav Eiffel, whose name was born by the tower, but whoever formulated and refined the idea was one of his employees, the structural engineer Maurice Cushlin, more than 18,000 wrought iron pieces and 2.5 million nails were used, and hundreds of workers spent two years assembling the frame of the tower that opened in 1889 AD with a height of about 300 meters, as it was the tallest building in the world at that time.
Information about the Eiffel Tower
The Eiffel Tower is one of the most important tourist attractions in France, and it has several characteristics, the most important of which are:
- Gustave Eiffel used wrought iron to build the tower, to show that the metal could be as strong as a stone although it is lighter.
- The cost of building the Eiffel Tower is about 1.5 million dollars.
- The Eiffel Tower is 324 meters high with the antenna at the top of the tower, while without it the height is 300 meters.
- The Eiffel Tower was the tallest building in the world until Chrysler Building was built in New York in 1930.
- The sun expands the tower by approximately 15 cm.
- The Eiffel Tower weighs about 9,071,847 kilograms.
- There are 5 billion lamps on the Eiffel Tower.