Yemeni island of Socotra

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Socotra Island in Yemen

The Yemeni island of Socotra is an archipelago consisting of four islands located in the Arabian Sea, which is the largest island in Yemen, and was considered in the past as part of Aden Governorate, then it was annexed to Hadramout Governorate in 2004, due to its proximity to it compared to Aden Governorate, and in 2013 AD it became An independent governorate called the Socotra Governorate.
Socotra consists of four main islands: Socotra, Abd al-Kuri, the two islands of Samha, and his smaller Lesson, located northwest of the Indian Ocean, approximately 350 km south of Ras Fartak in the Yemen mainland, 700 km to the southeast of Aden, and 225 km Off the Horn of Africa.

Socotra Island History

The name (Socotra) is due to the Sanskrit language, which means (the island of bliss), and this island was the home of Christians for a very long time, but religious beliefs disappeared from the island in the seventeenth century, and Socotra fell under the rule of the skilled sultans in southeast Yemen for a long time, except If the British occupation seized this rule between 1507 and 1511 AD, then the British attempted in 1834 AD to buy the island, but their efforts were unsuccessful, and the Sultan accepted the British protection of the entire Sultanate in the 1880s, and the Sultanate ended in 1967 when Socotra became part of Yemen Independent South, which became th Of the consolidated later later.

Socotra Island Nature

Socotra has many unique plants and animals, and they are known for their distinct types, such as the bottle tree, the cucumber tree, frankincense, and the dragon’s blood tree that gave the island an attractive and unusual appearance, also famous for its animals, which include types of unique birds that cannot be found Except in it,
A group of biologists from the United Nations surveyed animals and plants in the region during the 1990s, and they found through their research that there are 700 species on the island that cannot be found anywhere in the world, and other similar sites in biological diversity: Hawaiian Islands, islands Galapagos, New Zealand, and New Caledonia.
The Middle East Plants Center, which is part of the Royal Botanical Garden in Edinburgh, conducted field field research indicating that there are 825 plant species, including 307 that are not found elsewhere, and the IUCN Red List has evaluated all plants in the Socotra Archipelago, which includes Three endangered species are seriously threatened, while 27 other plants are on the list of endangered species.

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