Al-Baha is a Saudi city located 438 km southeast of Jeddah, at an altitude of 2500 meters from the sea level.
When you visit it, you will enjoy a magical experience of escaping from the stressful city life, high temperatures in Jeddah to the peaceful beauty of the Al Baha mountain range with its pleasant weather.
Al-Baha is also one of the main tourist destinations in the Kingdom, which is located on the Sarawat mountain range that runs parallel to the western coast of the Arabian Peninsula.
“Pearl of Resorts” and “Hijaz Garden” are other names given to this picturesque area with dozens of forests, dams, and tourist resorts that feature natural tree cover and agricultural hills.
Al-Baha is the smallest of the thirteen governorates of the Kingdom, and it is considered the capital of the Al-Ghamdi and Zahrani clans in the Kingdom.
The province has 13 other tribes that settled in trade and agriculture and five Bedouin tribes.
It is surrounded by a number of cities, including Taif to the north, Abha to the south, Bisha to the east, and the coastal city of Qanfudah to the west.
The climate in Al-Baha
It is greatly influenced by its diverse geographical characteristics, in general, the climate in Al Baha is moderate with temperatures ranging from 12-23 ° C.
Due to its position above sea level, the patio climate is mild in summer and cool in winter.
Due to its location at an altitude of 2500 meters above sea level, the area attracts visitors looking for a mild climate and stunning landscapes.
In the Tihama district of the province, which is located on the coast, the climate is hot in summer and warm in winter, humidity ranges from 52% to 67%.
While the weather in the mountainous region, known as Sara, is cooler in summer and winter.
Precipitation is higher in the mountainous region with a decrease in the range of 229 – 581 mm, the average throughout the region is 100-250 mm annually.
Nature in the courtyard
The province is famous for its beauty, and includes many tourist attractions such as forests, wildlife areas, valleys, and mountains that attract visitors from all over the Kingdom and the Gulf region.
Some of these areas are the Raghadan forests, Gumsan, Faik, the mountain, and many other historical and archaeological sites.
It contains more than 53 forests.
The province is also famous for its honey production, in addition to its agricultural production of vegetables, grains, fruit and dates.
It covers an area of 600,000 square meters, only 5 km from the city center.
Raghdan is located on top of the towering Sarawat mountain range, along with the magnificent natural beauty that offers panoramic views of the vast Tihama plains.
It is also provided with children’s playgrounds, and other facilities.
Big Bani Dam in Baljurashi
It is another attractive tourist spot with olive trees and other natural plants.
Amadan Forest is 55 km north of Al-Baha city. It abounds in olive trees, arar bushes, perfume trees and other natural plants.
Valley of the Fiji Forest
It is located 8 km from Al-Baha and is surrounded by a green valley infested with apricot, pomegranate and grape trees.
The area is also famous for producing high-quality honey.
Agate Valley Forest
It is located 40 km from Al-Baha and is rich with many fruit trees and long lotus trees.
Located 30 km south of Al-Baha, the scenic landscape attracts a large number of visitors.
King Fahd Mountain Pass (Aqaba)
Traveling through the King Fahd Mountain Pass that links the city of Al-Baha to the Mkhwah on the plains of Tihama is a great experience.
The steep winding road consists of a group of tunnels of different lengths and heights.
These tunnels, 25 in number, are an architectural marvel and very enjoyable sight-seeing of the surrounding landscape.
Among the magnificent scenes along the way are a magnificent view of the Tehama Plains, waterfalls with birds singing, and monkeys awaiting the remains of visitors.
Qaryah Dhee Ain. 8 or “The Village with the Spring”
It is the main attraction waiting for visitors at the bottom of the mountain path.
The village was put on the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites temporary thanks to the efforts of the Saudi authorities.
According to the UNESCO website, “The traditional village of Ain Ain in Al-Baha is a prominent example of traditional human settlements that perfectly adapt to their participation and the reason for their social and economic existence.”
The Heritage Village is located near Al-Mahwah, about 24 km southwest of Al-Baha city, via King Fahd Mountain Road. It is also famous for the “Marble Village” as it was built on a small marble mountain.
The village has 49 houses, 9 of which are one-storey, while 19 houses are two-story, 11 of which are three stories, and 10 floors are four floors.
The village was built using load-bearing walls, and the buildings were roofed with cedar wood.
The multi-storey houses are impressive as their walls are simply built with stones laid on top of another, with woods that form floor beams to provide stability to the stone structures.