Canvey Island is a reclaimed island at the mouth of the Thames River in England, which has an area of ​​about 18.45 square kilometers (12.7 square miles) and a population of about 38,170. It is separated from the mainland of South Essex by a network of streams. The island was surrounded by farmland from the ninth century to the twentieth century, while it turned into a growing resort in Britain between 1911 and 1951. Floods destroyed the island from the North Sea in 1953, killing 58 people on the islands, resulting in the temporary evacuation of about 13,000 residents. Canvey is protected by modern marine defenses that comprise about 2 miles (3.2 km) of concrete sea walls.
Canvey Island is an island in the Thames estuary off the coast of England. The island has its origins in five separate islands. Sheep breeding became the main industry that lasted for many years. Before building marine defenses with the San working to care for sheep on the island, the Dutch came to build marine defenses in the 17th century. Canvey Island is located in the mouth of the River Thames off the southeast coast of Essex which is separated from the mainland by the canal. The beach consists of sand and mud and its view of the Kent coast.

Canvey Island is a unique island, a reclaimed island that extends about seven square miles off the south coast of Essex County, at the mouth of the Thames. Around the beginning of the 20th century, Canvey Island became Britain’s fastest growing resort with thousands pouring there. The waterfront was improved in 1930, with cabarets, cinema, cafes and night clubs, and Canvey Island remained very popular with tourists until 1970.
Canvey Island has been separated from the mainland by a network of streams below sea level with beaches in the south and city center that extend about 14 miles from high sea walls. There are plenty of attractions, restaurants, and sites of interest, including; the second row listed lobster dating back to the 17th century. Charles Dickens mentions this pub in great expectations.

Canvey Island is located off the south coast of Essex, 30 miles (48 km) east of London, and 15 miles (24 km) west of Southend on the sea. The island is separated from the mainland to the north and west of Benfleet, which faces the mouth of the River Thames in the east and south, along with two tree islands. Canvey is a alluvial island that was formed during the Holocene period of silt in the Thames and the materials that interfere in the estuary on the tides in the North Sea off the Norfolk coast.

The island has a very flat area, which stands 10 feet long with a rampI high water level (3 meters) and therefore are at risk of flooding. Before reclamation of the surrounding area, there were a number of islands separated from the tides. Flood defenses have been built since the Middle Ages, which built the first sea wall to encircle the island as part of the island’s reclamation in 1622. The island suffered from extensive floods in the following years 1731, 1736, 1791, 1881, and 1897, and suffered heavy losses of life from the North Sea floods of 1953. In 2008, flood defenses consisted of the concrete seawall, sirens and floods and storms for the surface of the internal water drainage system.

The sewage system consists of sewers, canals, bridges, and natural and artificial lakes that feed the seven drainage stations in the Thames. The population of Canvey Island has increased significantly in the past 100 years, due to the popularity of the island as a residential resort during the first half of the 20th century.

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