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It is a fully archaeological city located in the Algerian Republic, known in French as (Timgad), and it is derived from the Latin name Thamugadi, from which it obtained its Arabic name Temgad, it was established during the era of the Romen Empire, and is considered the only archaeological city that is still standing since the era Romenian in the continent of Africa, and is characterized by the fact that it remained the same until this time, it did not reach any contemporary residential architecture, so it is considered a fully established city, and in 1982 AD, the World Heritage Organization decided to consider it as one of the world heritage cities.

Timgad Archeology Engineering

The ruins of the city of Timgad in Algeria are distinguished by their square shape, which resembles the design of chess stones, and at the outskirts of the city there are dotted houses and houses that were intended for families who lived in Timgad, and it also contains many public facilities that still exist in their original form, which It was used in many activities, and various businesses, such as commercial markets, water storage, and other food preservation. The increase in the number of Temgad residents led to the establishment of a group of neighborhoods in order to build new homes that can accommodate all of the city’s residents.

Monuments in Timgad


  • Temgad Forum: It is a large square located in Timgad, and it was built after the completion of the construction of the city, and this forum forms the central area of ​​the city, linking its center with all the neighborhoods, and other sections surrounding it, and the forum contains many archaeological monuments in Timgad, namely the theater and the cathedral , Temple, and many other monuments.
  • Timgad Theater: It is one of the ancient monuments in Timgad, and it is found in the south of the forum and studies indicate that it is able to contain more than 3500 scenes, and there were many plays, entertainment shows, and festivals in which the city was distinguished, especially the Timgad Music Festival, which brought together many Playlists from all over the city, and from outside.
  • Ceres Temple: It is one of the most famous temples in Timgad. It was partially destroyed by natural factors, especially the earthquakes that struck the city. The Algerian authorities restored the temple and restructured its construction as before.
  • the library: It is one of the most famous Romen archaeological libraries in Timgad, and was discovered in 1906 AD, and it contained many texts in the ancient Latin language, which refer to ancient Romen history, and it also included many historical documents that were in almost good condition, and statistics are estimated that The library contained more than 28,000 volumes, books, and manuscripts.
  • Arc de Triomphe: It is an archaeological landmark located at the southern entrance to the city of Timgad, and it is considered a distinctive facade of the city, and it is used as a large gate dedicated to organizing the movement of pedestrians, and vehicles from inside and outside Timgad. The Romen Emperor Severus rehabilitated the arch by adding many inscriptions to it.

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