Christchurch is one of the largest cities in New Zealand and is the largest city located on the country’s southern island, and Christchurch was named by the Canterbury Society in 1848 and was formally established on July 31, 1856, making it the oldest city in New Zealand, and the official Maori name of the city is Utahti, and news was published Christchurch recently due to a 6.3-magnitude earthquake struck the area on the afternoon of February 22, 2011, the massive earthquake killed at least 65 people (according to early CNN reports) and hundreds of others were trapped under rubble, telephone lines were cut and buildings across the city were destroyed, some of them historic In addition, Adi was damaged Roads in Christchurch earthquake and flooded Alvedhanalaadid water areas of the city after the collapse of the water pipes.

Geographical facts about Christchurch

1- This is the second major earthquake to hit southern New Zealand island in recent months. On September 4, 2010, a 7.0-magnitude earthquake occurred 30 miles (45 km) west of Christchurch and destroyed waterways, water and gas lines, and despite the size of the earthquake except No deaths have been reported.

2- It is believed that the Christchurch region was settled for the first time in 1250 by the tribes that hunt the now extinct moa, a large bird without flight that was settled in New Zealand, and in the sixteenth century the Waitah tribe migrated to the region from North Island and began a period of war, and after that Shortly, the ship was driven out of the region by the Ngati Mamoi tribe, and then Ngati Mamoi was seized by a man who controlled the area until the Europeans arrived.
3- In early 1840 the Europeans arrived for whale hunting and established whaling stations in what is now known as Christchurch, and in 1848 the Canterbury Society was formed to form a colony in the region and in 1850 the others began arriving, and “Canterbury Pilgrims” aims to build a new city around the cathedral A college like Oxford in England, and as a result the city was given the name Christchurch on March 27, 1848.
4- On July 31, 1856 Christchurch became the first official city in New Zealand and soon grew as more European settlers arrived, and in addition to this the first public railway in New Zealand was created in 1863 to make the transportation of heavy goods from a suburb of Christchurch to The city of Christchurch faster.
5- Christchurch’s economy today depends to a large extent on agriculture from the rural areas surrounding the city, and the largest agricultural products in the region are wheat and barley as well as wool and processed meats, in addition to that wine is a growing industry in the region.

6- Tourism is also a large part of the economy of Christchurch, and there are a number of ski resorts and national parks in the nearby Southern Alps, and the city of Christchurch also knows a history as a gateway to Antarctica where it has a long history of being a starting point for trips to explore Antarctica, For example, Robert Falcon Scott and Ernest Shackleton have left from Littleton Port in Christchurch, and according to Wikipedia the Christchurch International Airport is a base for exploration programs in New Zealand, Italy, and the United States of America in Antarctica.

7- Some of Christchurch’s other major tourist attractions include several wildlife parks and reserves, art galleries, museums, the International Center for Antarctica and the historic Christ Church Cathedral (damaged in the February 2011 earthquake).
8- Christchurch is located in the Canterbury region of New Zealand on the South Island. The city contains coasts along the Pacific Ocean and the estuaries of the Avon and Heathcote rivers. The city has a population of 390,300 (June 2010 estimates) and covers an area of ​​550 square miles (1,426 sq km).
9 – Christchurch is a highly planned city that relies on a central city square with four different city squares surrounding the city center. In addition, there is a garden area in the city center, where the historic cathedral square is located, and the birthplace of Christchurch.
10- Christchurch is unique geographically because it is one of eight pairs of cities in the world with a semi-urban semi-metropolis (a city located on the other side of the earth) Corona Spain is the heart of Christchurch.
11- Christchurch’s climate is dry and temperate. It is highly affected by the Pacific. Winter is usually cold and mild. The average high temperature in January in Christchurch is 72.5 ° F (22.5 ° C), while the average temperature in July 52 ° F (11 ° C).

Landmarks of Christchurch

There are a number of attractions around Christchurch to visit including:
1- Botanic Gardens.
2- Canterbury Museum.
3- International Antarctic Center.
4- Orana Wildlife Park.
5- Willowbank Wildlife Park.
Christchurch visitors can expect a high level of cuisine wherever they go. Restaurants and cafes make the most of delicious food in the area and local wine. Before or after lunch, take a leisurely trip down the Avon River in Ponte. Christchurch is world famous for its award-winning parks and is also a place for events and festivals. Whatever the season, you will find a non-stop entertainment program with events such as the Romence Festival and Buskers International Festival.

The main centers in Christchurch

1- Christchurch is the largest city on the South Island and a city of Canterbury.
2- Littleton, the main city of the Banks Peninsula and Christchurch Harbor.
3- Akaroa is a popular resort village on the Banks Peninsula.
4- Sumner is a comfortable coastal city.

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