Dome of the Rock
Also called the Dome of the Rock Mosque, where it is distinguished by its golden dome, which attracts the attention of the person coming from far away. The first person to start the construction of the Dome of the Rock was Abd al-Malik bin Marwan in the Umayyad era, where he wanted to make it a place to house Muslims fleeing the cold, and a place for pilgrims. The rock is the oldest Islamic monument in the history of Islamic architecture, and the Dome of the Rock is located on the southern side of the Al Aqsa Mosque, in the heart of the Noble Sanctuary along its main axis, and it should be noted that the Dome of the Rock was built as a scene to accommodate the circumambulation around the honorable rock, which the Prophet, peace be upon him, stopped And peace from above to heaven , And the length of the rock about 56 feet, width 42 feet, while the diameter amounts to 20.44 meters.
The Church of the Holy Sepulcher is located within the wall of the city of Jerusalem, and was built by Saint Helana, the mother of Emperor Constantine I, and the Church of the Holy Sepulcher is one of the three oldest churches in the world, and is characterized by being a symbol of Arab and eastern Christian presence or the so-called Orthodox, and the Church of the Holy Sepulcher is a common church between three Christian denominations are: The Romen Catholics, the Greek Orthodox, and the Armenian Orthodox, where many disagreements and problems occurred over whoever holds the key to ecclesiastics, then came to a solution: the maintenance of the key to a Muslim Jerusalem family, since that solution is still in place from the Ottoman period until today.Read:Tourism in Portugal
The Al-Buraq Wall is a wall enclosing the western side of Al-Aqsa Mosque, and as such it is considered an essential part of the Noble Sanctuary, and the Jews call the Al-Buraq Wall the Wailing Wall, because they believe that it belongs to the remains of their temple that has not been found so far, and the reason for its name is the Wall of Al-Buraq in proportion To the incident of Israa and Mi’raj, as the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, rode Al Buraq in the Israa and Mi’raj incident.Read:Historic monument in the city of Athens
The Jerusalem Wall
The Jerusalem Wall surrounds the old part of the city, which is called the Old City, and the Jerusalem Wall has several gates:
- Damascus Gate.
- The Hebron Gate.
- Chapter of the Moroccans.
- Watched door.
- The new door.
- The door of the tribes.
- The door of the Prophet David.