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Azores Islands

The Azores is a Portuguese archipelago in the North Atlantic Ocean, located about 1,500 km (930 mi) from Lisbon and about 3,900 km (2,400 mi) from the east coast of North America. The most important industries in the Azores are tourism and livestock for milk, meat and fishing, Each of the Azores islands have their own characteristics that make them unique, except that they all have a picturesque nature, rocks, mountains and exquisite trees.

The nine major Azores islands are found in three basic groups, which extend over six hundred kilometers from the northwest to the southwest of the Atlantic Ocean, and many of these islands have been named according to their natural elements such as the mountain island which is also called “Pico” or the island of flowers which is also called ” Flores. ”

The ocean water temperature in the Azores ranges from 17 ° C (63 ° F) in the winter to 25 ° C (77 ° F) in the summer, and the average annual precipitation increases from east to west, with an average precipitation Annual 958 mm (37.7 inches) or 80 mm (3.1 inches) monthly.
The Azores were discovered or recognized in 1427 by Portuguese navigators, the Azores were inhabited in the fifteenth century by pioneers from Portugal although small groups of flamings settled on some islands, during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, it was The Azores archipelago is one of the commercial centers between Europe, America and India, and its ports were protected and equipped with treasure ships laden with treasures.

Officially the first islands were discovered in the fifteenth century by Diogo de Silves, captain in the service of the Infant de Henrik, important naval battles were fought in the waters of the Azores Islands during that period during pirate attacks, the following centuries were quieter, but in 1829 the Azores returned to Pages of history with the role Tercera played in the struggle and as a base for the liberal forces that invaded the mainland Portugal to regain power.

Madeira Islands

The Madeira Orange Islands are a huge archipelago formed from many islands located in the North Atlantic Ocean and northwestern continent of Africa, which is located five hundred and twenty kilometers from the African coast, and a thousand kilometers away from Europe, and the lands of these islands are a series of volcanic islands dating back to the era Myosin more than twenty million years ago.

The general climate of Madeira is the Mediterranean climate. As for the official language on these islands, it is the Portuguese language. In addition, there are some inhabitants who speak the Asturian language, and the island lives more than two hundred and forty-five thousand people, and they are concentrated in the southern coast. The official religion is there, most of them convert to Catholic Christianity, but there is a percentage of Muslims.
Flowers on coast in Boaventura – Madeira Portugal – travel background
The economy of the islands is mainly based on tourism due to its average climate. Among the most prominent tourists who arrived on the island are the Austrian Empire, Sisi, Charles I, and Winston Churchill. These islands depend on agriculture, especially the cultivation of grapes and tropical fruits such as pineapple, manga, coffee, sugar cane and coconuts.

The origins of Madeira Island date back to the Miocene period, about 5 million years ago when volcanic eruptions occurred in the western part of the Atlantic Ocean, successive eruptions caused the deposition of layers of lava, ash and rocks that eventually appeared to form a chain of islands, and the archipelago was Manned until 1419, when Portuguese navigator Joao Goncalves Zarco landed in Madeira.

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