Y Swatini, “Swaziland” previously, is the last permanent absolute monarchy in Africa, and has a rich history of tradition, and is keen to encourage tourism but some positions stand in its way, and according to data compiled by the World Bank, a total of 947,000 international tourists visited, i.e. Swatini in 2016.
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Any Swatini or Swaziland
A Swatini is the smallest country in the Southern Hemisphere, but it creates great splendor every year with cultural festivals that attract guests from all over the world, and the government has long known that meaningful investment in arts and culture such as traditional music, dance, clothing and drama can win the country billions of dollars and create Lots of job opportunities, but every person must adhere to centuries-old rituals, and despite the many benefits that can be achieved, they were not fortunate in terms of tourism.
Tourism in I Suatini
Tourism in Eswatini is a successful industry, and most tourists who visit e Swatini arrive by road from South Africa. The tourism industry in Eswatini developed during the apartheid period in South Africa and this formed many of its distinctive tourist attractions. Since the end of the apartheid regime, e Swatini has confirmed its traditional culture as a magnet Tourist.
The era of apartheid
The adoption of apartheid in South Africa and the civil war in Mozambique contributed to the attractiveness of Iswatini as an alternative tourism destination in South Africa, and this led to the growth of the tourism industry in Iswatini from the sixties to the nineties, and during the era of apartheid in South Africa, Isoatini attracted many visitors through Adoption of different policies from South Africa, and many tourists visited E Swatini during that time to watch TV shows or sporting events that they could not watch in South Africa, and during the apartheid regime in South Africa e Swatini also embarked on gambling in order to attract the Tourists who brought great economic prosperity.
Lake Hippo in the Mlilwane Reserve ”
The number of tourists visiting I Swatini increased from 89,015 in 1972 to 257,997 in 1989, and in 1988 tourism was 3% of GDP from i Swatini and more than 4% of its total exports, although traditional ownership of Swatini was often done It is cited as a factor that attracts tourists, but tourism is also attributed to causing modernization in i swatini, and although increases in tourism seen in e swatini have claimed to have caused increased prostitution, but there is no evidence that prostitution was a factor in growth The tourism industry in e Swatini, and the increase in tourism has transformed the encroachment areas NVE Swatini to hotels.
Post-apartheid in I Swatini
After the end of the apartheid regime in South Africa and the end of the Mozambican civil war making its neighbors more attractive tourist destinations, the growth of the tourism industry in e Swatini decreased, and many tourists who visit e Swatini travel between Mozambique and South Africa, and most tourists stay for one night only, and many Visitors with only daily trips to the country, and due to the lack of other major industries, many view E-Swattini tourism as a potential source of future economic growth.
Since its inception in 2003, the I Swatini Tourism Board emphasized the fact that i Swatini is the last kingdom of sub-Saharan Africa, and royal celebrations such as the Incwala Kingship Festival “are potential places for greater tourism growth, and they have also attempted to attract tourists to the Swaziland game parks In 2006, eSwatini signed the Lubumbo Road Agreement together with South Africa and Mozambique, and the agreement allowed tourists to travel across the three countries on a single visa.
The First Fruit Festival at e Swatini
The Icwalal Festival, which means “the first fruit festival”, is the most important cultural event in e Swatini, and is often referred to as the “Kings’ Party. ”The first fruit festival focuses heavily on the king, the time when the country and society go through a cycle of spiritual renewal and purification, There is a series of events that happen over a period of three weeks between December and January, but the exact dates have never been announced, and after “Incwala” the warriors begin to exploit the fields of the king and it is an important cultural scene of music, discotheque and dance, and guests and spectators are always welcome, but They do not make any concessions to tourism, and their marketing is minimal For a very different festival dates of the 400-year-old also from one year to another, where it is determined by astrologers ancestors lunar studies.
Government and politics in e Swatini
E. Swatini is an absolute system with Swazi constitutional provisions, law and customs, and the head of state is the king or Nguyenyama (lit the lion), and currently King Mswati III who ascended to the throne in 1986 after the death of his father King Sobosa II in 1982 and a period of tutelage, according to the country’s constitution The Inginyama is a symbol of the eternal unity of the Swazi nation, and according to tradition the king reigns with his mother (or alternate ritual), and the former was seen as the administrative head of the state and the last as the head of the spiritual and patriotic state with a balance of the real power of the king’s power, but during the long Subobosa II era it became a role Ndlovovate more Symbolic.
The king appoints the prime minister from the Legislative Council and also appoints a minority of legislators in the (Parliament) Council with the assistance of an advisory council, and the constitution allows the king to appoint some members of parliament to represent private interests, and these special interests are citizens who may be candidates for elections that have not been elected, or perhaps not They are candidates, and this is done to balance views in Parliament. Special interests may be persons of a specific gender or race, persons with disabilities and the business community, civil society, scholars, heads of schools, etc.