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The pyramid of Khufu

The pyramid of Khufu is one of the oldest pyramids in the Arab Republic of Egypt, specifically in the governorate of Giza, and it is also considered one of the most famous, as it is considered the largest pyramids that man made in the world, and accordingly it is also called the Great Pyramid, and it is worth noting that this pyramid had been It is listed among the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

Building the pyramid of Khufu

It is believed that the pyramid of Khufu was built between the years (2580-2560 BC) of King Khufu, who is considered the second king of the kings of the Fourth Dynasty; so that it will be a tomb for him, where the pyramid is distinguished by its internal design that reflects the cultural, religious and religious complexity of the ancient Egyptians, in addition to their secrets The length of its base is 229.82 m, and its height is 146.73 m, knowing that the number of stones that were used in construction amounted to more than 2.3 million stones whose weight ranged between (2,500-15,000 kg), and it should be noted that the pyramid It is surrounded by three smaller pyramids, which date back to King Khufu’s wives, too Of the two temples, a small terrace of the graves, and others.

General information about the pyramid of Khufu

The pyramid of Khufu is distinguished by the mastery of its design, knowing that the most important thing that distinguishes the pyramid is the following:

  • The pyramid contains a main burial chamber containing a sarcophagus bearing the body of King Khufu.
  • The inner walls of the pyramid are decorated with hieroglyphic inscriptions depicting various aspects of history and ancient Egyptian religion.
  • The pyramid contains an interior room sometimes called (the Queen’s Smallest Chamber), but this designation may not be correct, as there was no room dedicated to that, as the pyramid includes another room incomplete for burial at the bottom of the pyramid.
  • The pyramid contains a large arched gallery of arched ceiling.
  • The entrance to the pyramid was tightly closed after the body of the pharaoh was placed inside it.
  • The surfaces of the pyramid are distinguished by white limestone rocks and a soft touch.

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