Table of Contents

From the effects of Palmyra

Palmyra contains distinctive effects, as follows:

  • Baal Shamin TempleThe temple dates back to the early first century A.D., and many changes were made to its construction, and its development continued until the reign of Othendos in the third century A.D.
  • Temple even: This huge temple is located in the eastern part of the main street, which is full of columns. The temple is considered one of the most important religious monuments in the Middle East, which dates back to the first century AD. It is indicated that it is one of the buildings still visible.
  • Nabu Temple: This temple is located after the huge entrance arch on the western side of Al-Amoud Street, and its length reaches 20 meters, and 3 meters in the bases of the surrounding columns, and the shape of the building is trapezoid.
  • Diocletian’s campThis camp is located in the area surrounding the funerary temple, and it is usually called Diocletian’s Camp, where it was built in the second century, and remains of columns and monuments can be found leading to the right, and that is 300 meters from the camp, and this axis was the main base of the Romen camp Built by the ruler of Syria, Sossianus Hercules during Diocletian’s reign.
  • Zenobia baths: It is located on the right side of the columns Street, and these baths were present a century ago, before being provided with a suitable entrance for Emperor Diocletian, and the bathrooms have a plan that can be viewed, as there are remnants of columns belonging to the Atrium style.
  • Folklore MuseumThe Folklore Museum is located in the Ottoman Khan, close to the Temple of Bel, and contains many pieces of monuments, such as: a Bedouin tent, carpets made of wool, tools for making Arabic coffee, and Arab music instruments in particular (Al-Mahbaj). In the museum hall there are weapons The traditional ones that were used in the past tense, most of which date back to the Islamic era, such as: swords and helmets.
  • The theater: The history of the theater dates back to the first half of the second century AD, and the theater is characterized by its ability to accommodate large crowds, and the presence of rooms for representation.
  • Agora: It is located on the western side of the theater, and its length reaches 71 meters, its width is 48 meters, and its history dates back to the early second century AD, and it has been restored since excavations in 1939-1940.
  • Al Tarif Court: It is located on the eastern side of the Agora, which is a large courtyard, where a written stone was found, and it is indicated that the writing dates back to 137 AD.
  • Valley of the TombsThe tombs of Palmyra are located in Al-Meereen in a valley bearing its name (Wadi Al-Qabur), located on the western side of Jabal Al-Husayniyah, behind the Diocletian Camp, and it extends for a distance of one kilometer in Wadi Qahel.

The location of Palmyra

Palmyra is located in the Homs Governorate, in Syria, and has an area of ​​approximately 0.809371 square kilometers, Elahbel. It is one of the ancient cities located in southern and central Syria, and away from the northeastern side of Damascus, at a distance of 210 km, and Palmyra is the name of the city, meaning the city of palm trees. It is worth noting here that Palmyra is located on an oasis in the middle of the road between the western side of the Mediterranean, And the eastern side of the Euphrates, which is on this site helped to link the Romens with Mesopotamia and the East.

A brief history of Palmyra

The mention of Palmyra dates back to the nineteenth century BC, and it is believed that it was a Canaanite town, and it came after a short period of the influence of Aramaic. The Hellenic culture, the Greek language, the Aramaic language, the Arabic, the Syriac, and many other languages, and during the reign of Emperor Tiberius (14-37 years) the area came under Romen control, and it was called the region the name of Palmyra, or the city of dates, and in 1980 AD discovered the effects of Destroy It dates back to the Neolithic period. UNESCO considered the city of Palmyra as a site of cultural heritage, and the ruins of Palmyra belong to the Arab, Aramaic and Romen cultures.

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