The city of Sousse
Sousse is called the jewel of the coast, as it extends to 45 square kilometers in the heart of the eastern coasts of Tunisia overlooking the White Sea, separating them from the capital Tunis 140 km south, and rises from the sea level by only 4 meters. The city is affected by the moderate Mediterranean climate, and it records a rain precipitation ranging between 250-400 millimeters per year, and this climate is suitable for the cultivation of olive oils. As for its borders, it shares borders with the capital, Tunis, with borders from the southern side, as well as the city of Kairouan from the east, and Monastir from the west. Sfax from the north.
History of the city of Sousse
The city’s foundation dates back to the first millennium BC at the hands of the Phoenicians, and it has carried several names throughout history, including: Hydromatum, Justina, and Soussa Al-Mahrousa in the time of Muslims. Sousse Morocco and Sousse Libya.
In addition to the foregoing, the city of Sousse has a long history in the country, as the city embraces what is known as the ancient city of Sousse inside it, which was included by UNESCO in the twelfth session of the World Heritage Committee as a world heritage site, as it is one of the oldest ancient Islamic cities in the Arab Maghreb, it maintains a number of Religious and military monuments such as forts and mosques.
Sights of the city of Sousse
There are many monuments and archaeological and historical sites that the city includes, and these landmarks refer to the historical richness that the region has enjoyed since ancient times. Among the most prominent of these are:
The documents submitted by the Agency for the Revival of Heritage and Cultural Development indicate that the history of the establishment of this Rabat dates back to the eighth century in the year 821 AD. As for the watchtower, Prince Zadallah I added it for the purposes of observation and enemy monitoring from the southeastern side of the region. The Ribat of Sousse takes a square shape, the length of its side reaching about thirty meters, and thus it can accommodate approximately fifty people in each direction. As for the southeastern side, a square base is built upon it with a view of surveillance and surveillance, and inside the guard rooms.
The construction of the Great Mosque came under the guidance of Prince Abi al-Abbas Muhammad ibn al-Aghlab. Construction began in the year 850 AD, and its construction took a year and a few months, and in the period between the tenth and seventeenth centuries, changes and increases were made to it.
The walls of Sousse describe the shape of the city and its boundaries accurately during the medieval period and it is mentioned that it was restored during the year 859 AD by Prince Abi Ibrahim Ahmed, and other restorations in later years, and the walls lost only a small part of them as a result of bombs falling during World War II.
This museum is unique from the various museums of Tunisia, with the possession of Roman mosaic paintings that reflect the masterpieces of original art. It is located in the heart of the buildings belonging to the old kasbah, and it consists of several halls, galleries and exhibits in it brought from ancient Hadramaut.