It is an ancient cemetery located near the Prophet’s Mosque, and includes a large number of graves of Muslims who lived during the era of the Messenger – may God bless him and grant him peace – such as: the tomb of Othman bin Affan, the daughters of the Prophet, most of his wives, other companions, and followers to this day. It is worth noting that in recent years, due to the importance of this cemetery, its proximity to the sanctuary, and the congestion of its tombs, it was expanded using adjacent spaces, and was protected by building fences, as it was opened to visitors after paving the roads leading to it and the transportation links.
Abi Ayoub Al-Ansari House
It is the house where the Messenger – may God bless him and grant him peace – lived upon his arrival from the migration journey to the enlightened city, to move later to his home, which is currently within the sanctuary, and this house has been through its history of demolition, as it was built on the ruins of a school that was later demolished, And the establishment of a mosque in its place, and with the start of expansion operations in the Prophet’s Mosque, the house of Abu Ayyub al-Ansari was annexed to be one of the facilities of the Haram.
It is located in the southwestern part of the enlightened city in the Quba area, and it is the oldest mosque in Islam. The Prophet – peace and blessings be upon him – built it when he migrated from Mecca to Medina, knowing that throughout his long history the mosque underwent restoration and repair work, and its borders were expanded in The modern era.
The Prophet’s Mosque has a strong sanctity in the history of Islam, as it is the consort of the Sacred Mosque in Al-Zikr, and it is followed by its place, and the reward for worship in it. And peace – in its place, and the mosque includes immortal landmarks in the conscience of Muslims, such as the tomb of the Prophet, and his pulpit – peace and blessings be upon him -.
A martyr’s cemetery
And away from the Prophet’s Mosque about five kilometers to the north of it, specifically near the mountain of archers at the bottom of Mount One, where this historical cemetery includes many graves of companions who participated in the famous battle of Ahad, and they were martyred during their defense of Islam, including Hamzah bin Abdullah Upon him-.
The city includes many mountains, some of which witnessed important historical events, including:
- Mount Uhud: It is the mountain that witnessed the battle of one of the most prominent in the march of Islam, where it is located about three miles from the Prophet’s Mosque, and it is believed that the grave of the Prophet Harun is located in the northern part of the mountain.
- Thor Mountain: It is located to the north of Mount Uhud, and it is considered a relatively small mountain, and in its name it resembles the mountain that includes the cave of Thor in Mecca.
- Silat Mountain: It is one of the mountains of the city, which includes a mosque, and a cave.
- Ayr Mountain: It is located in the southern part of the Medina, near the Dhi Halifa Mosque (the meeqaat for the sanctification of the people of Medina).
- Archers Mountain: It is located to the south of Mount Uhud, and it is the mountain used by Muslim archers during the Battle of Uhud.