Hanging Gardens of Babylon
The hanging gardens of Babylon are among the seven wonders of the ancient world, which the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar built almost in the year 600 BC for his wife, Queen Amihya. It was from a beautiful green mountainous environment and longed to see such mountains and gardens in Babylon, and so Nebuchadnezzar supported these gardens. It was also known as the hanging gardens of Samir Amis, as the gardens had 8 gates, the most luxurious of which was the Ishtar Gate, and was distinguished by its beauty, magnificence, and picturesque scenery that bring joy and pleasure to the heart of everyone who enters it, these gardens were planted with various types of trees and plants of vegetables, fruits and flowers, and they contained summer and winter trees to remain Green fruit throughout the year, and statues of various sizes were distributed throughout the gardens, and the prisoners of Babylon who were brought from the Levant and worked day and night until its completion were used in building the gardens.
The building structure of the gardens
Which provoked historians that all the sources that described the hanging gardens were written centuries after Nebuchadnezzar, and all the authors, most of whom had never visited Babylon and had no knowledge of the sciences of building and agricultural engineering, and that all the ancient Babylonian sources did not mention any news about these gardens despite their eagerness To record all the achievements of the kings, their plans and their actions, especially Nebuchadnezzar. Archaeological excavations indicated the presence of ancient structures from the walls as they found the Ishtar Gate and 14 from the west vaulted, but there was no clear evidence that they belonged to the suspended gardens. But some tend to consider that these gardens are nothing but legendary gardens that never existed.
Nebuchadnezzar the builder of the Babylon Gardens
Nebuchadnezzar, the eldest son of the king, Nebo Balasar, king of Babylon, who the king inherited after his death, became the most famous of the Paliian kings and the Babylonian state lived its golden period in his rule that spanned from 604-562 BC because of the achievements he had made in all fields, military, social, economic and others.