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It is an old Iraqi city located in the middle of Iraq between a group of other major cities, and away from the Iraqi capital Baghdad about 180 km from the north, and it is the link between Baghdad and southern Iraq, and the Iraqi city of Kut is considered the capital of Wasit, through which the Tigris River that feeds a group of Other rivers, such as the Dujaili, Shatrah, and others.
History of the city of Wasit
The city of Wasit was established during the reign of Al-Hajjaj bin Yusuf so that it would be the seat of its army, and its distinctive geographical location which is located in the middle of a group of major Iraqi cities granted it its historical importance, and here it was called Wasit, because it is a medium area between Al-Ahwaz, Basra, and Kufa, and it was also used As a land, sea and commercial center and thus it has been known as Wasit until this time.
The construction of the city dates back to the year 702 AD, which corresponds to the year 83 AH, during the reign of Caliph Abdul Malik bin Marwan. Most merchants display their wares to people.
Wasit witnessed, during a short period of time, a rapid civilized growth in most social and economic fields, as pilgrims took it as a center for managing a group of Iraqi regions, and industrial and craftsmanship such as carpentry, pottery, and others were known, and it was also distinguished by the spread of reeds in it, until it was called the Wasit Reeds. .
Public life in Wasit
Since the establishment of the city of Wasit during the era of pilgrims, it contained a mixture of people who decided to settle in it, and they coexisted together with the different religions in it, so most of its inhabitants were Muslims, and then found a majority of Jews, Christians, and some other minorities, and religious coexistence continued in Wasit Until the first quarter of the twentieth century, in which Wasit witnessed many changes.
As for the time being, its population reaches nearly two million, and it has been divided administratively into a group of areas, including: Al-Muwafakiyah, Al-Hafriya, Sheikh Saad, Al-Zubaidiya, Al-Ahrar and others.
Monuments in the city of Wasit
Archaeological research and studies refer to the Arab-Islamic civilization through the discoveries that were reached in 1936 AD, so he discovered the city’s mosque, an old cemetery, and a group of other archaeological remains. As for what remains of the Hajj Palace, it is a group of columns, Islamic architectural decorations, and other remaining monuments The few. The reason for the absence of most of Wasit landmarks is due to the prevalence of severe water scarcity, which led to the departure of people from it, and its abandonment to the neglect it suffered until it was rebuilt again, and the discovery of the effects found on its land.