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Reykjavik, the capital of Iceland
Reykjavik is the capital of the state of Iceland, and the largest city in it, and it is called the capital of youth, as it differs from other northern capitals, due to its lack of buildings and old traditional European neighborhoods, yet it is full of colors and beautiful places, and the heating system that uses hot springs near is one of its most important advantages, And it is provided with geothermal energy, due to the presence of public swimming pools in it.
Reykjavik site and residents
Reykjavik is located on a peninsula called Seltjarnar, that is, in the southeastern corner of the Gulf of Faxa in southwestern Iceland, and astronomically located at latitude 64.14, longitude -21.90, and at a height of 37 m above sea level , And a population of about 11,918 people.
Reykjavik was founded in the year 874 AD, and until the twentieth century it was a small fishing village and an important commercial center in Iceland. On August 18, 1786 AD, it was granted municipal powers, and it was appointed an administrative center for the island ruled by the Danes, and since 1843 AD it has become the seat of the Parliament It was the capital of Iceland although it enjoyed autonomy under the supervision of the Danish king, and in 1944 AD it was declared the capital of the independent Republic of Iceland.
Reykjavik places and monuments
The city contains an important group of buildings, such as: the seat of Parliament, the Supreme Court, and the University of Iceland, which is the oldest university in the country, where it was founded in 1911 AD, as well as a number of buildings and cultural institutions, such as the National Theater, and the most important effects of which is the statue of Larry Erickson, which was presented by The American Congress to the people of Iceland in the year 1930 AD, while the international airport in Reykjavik is 32 km from the southwest-southwest side of the city.
The importance of Reykjavik
Reykjavik is the island’s commercial, industrial and cultural center, a major fishing port and a site for half of Iceland’s industries, where machinery, food and various mineral and food products are produced.