Bombay City website
This city is known as Mumbai, and its name is Bombay in the Sanskrit language. Mumbai is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra, and it is the most populous city in India, and the ninth largest population conglomerate in the world, with a population of more than 18.4 million people. This city is located on the coast The western region of India, with a total area of 603.4 square kilometers, is also located at the mouth of the Ulhas River located in the western coast region of India known as Konkan, within the island of Sashti, Maharashtra Island, and contains six major lakes equipped with mineral water: Vihar, Lower Vaitarna, and Supreme Vaitarna, v There are three small rivers for industry and agriculture: Dahisar, Poinsar, Ohiwara, and the soil cover in this city is sandy in most areas, because it is near the sea, and its suburbs enjoy alluvial soils dating back to the late Eocene period. And the Cretaceous, and early, and the underlying rock formed from the black zone is composed of basalt flows, and this region is seismic active, due to the presence of 23 fault lines in its vicinity, and the strength of earthquakes in it reaches 6.5 degrees on the Richter scale.
Mumbai consists of seven islands that were apparently home to fishing colonies for centuries before being ceded to the Portuguese, then to the British East India Company in 1661, when King Charles II married Catherine the Portuguese from Braganza, and as part of her dowry Charles received the ports of Tangier, and seven Mumbai islands, and during the mid-eighteenth century this city was remodeled by the Hornby Project that aimed to reclaim the region with sea divisions, islands, its main roads, and railways. This project was completed in 1845, after which it turned into a major marine port on the Arabian Sea , And these are distinguished A city during the nineteenth century with development in the areas of economy and education, and during the twentieth century it became a strong base for the Indian independence movement in 1947 to make Mumbai the state at that time, and in 1960 in the wake of the Samyokta Maharashtra movement a new country was created in the state of Maharashtra, and the name of this city was changed From Bombay to Mumbai in 1996.
This city is the capital of entertainment in India, which is a financial and commercial city, and it is one of the ten largest centers in the world in terms of trade and global financial flow, and produces approximately 6.16% of the country’s GDP, which represents 25% of the output of the industrial sector, and 70 % Of maritime trade, and 70% of capital transactions for India’s economy, and contains many important financial institutions in the country such as the Central Reserve Bank, Bombay Stock Exchange, the National Stock Exchange of India, SEBI, and multinational companies.