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It is a very old Syrian city that dates back to the second half of the third century AD, and was in the past a commercial station between Asia and Europe, because it is located between the Mediterranean and the Euphrates.

Geographically located in the center of the state of Syria, and it is administratively affiliated to Homs Governorate, with a population of 30,085 thousand people, according to the statistics of the year 2015 AD, nicknamed in the name of the Desert Bride.

Landmarks of Palmyra


  • Baal Temple: This temple is considered one of the religious monuments that was built in the Middle East in the first century AD.
  • Nebo Temple: Nebo is considered one of the most popular Babylonian deities in the state of Syria, and it is a Babylonian deity named Nebo Bin Bil-Marduk, and it is considered the god of prediction and wisdom, and the construction of the temple began in the last quarter of the first century AD.
  • Baalshamin Temple: Constructed by Mali bin Yerhai, the Tadmorians described him as the god of fertility and growth, and the master of heaven. The god Balsamen was considered one of the gods of the Phoenicians, as the Greeks called him the god Zeus.


  • Ketot Vault: It was built between 40 and 50 meters, and its height is ten meters.
  • Lamlico’s Tomb: It is located on the slope of Umm Bilqis hill on the southern side of the Valley of the Kings, and it is considered one of the first tombs built in the city.
  • Simple Aintan Vault: A tomb that does not contain decorations, and is composed of six floors.
  • Elapel Vault: It is considered one of the most famous and largest tower burial sites, and it dates back to the year 103 AD.
  • The Three Brothers’ Vault.
  • The tombs of Zenobia.

Other parameters

The city contains many historical monuments, the most important of which are:

  • Campidocletian for burial: It was built in the second century AD during the reign of Heraclesmen by Emperor Diocletian, Emperor Maximian, Caesar Maximinan, and Caesar Constantine.
  • Folk Traditions Museum: It opened in 1992 AD on the seventh day of April, and the museum built the days of the rule of the Ottomans in the last quarter of the nineteenth century.
  • Romen Theater: It was constructed of limestone in the first half of the second century AD.
  • Valley of the Graves: Known as the Burial Tombs, it is considered one of the oldest tombs whose origins date back to the Hellenistic era.
  • Senate: It has a rectangular shape.
  • Bathrooms: Divide into cold section, hot section, and warm section.
  • Long straight street: It stretches from the Temple to the Gate of Damascus, and it consists of four sections.
  • Agora: It consists of the remains of a platform used for public speaking, and a closed, square square with 11 accessions.
  • Spring Horizon: Known as the sulfur bath.
  • Castles:Such as Fakhruddin Castle, and Ibn Maan Castle.
  • The structure of the dead.
  • Palmyra Archeology Museum.
  • Arc de Triomphe.
  • The nymphs of water.

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