Arbil Castle

The fortified fortress of Erbil is located in the Kurdistan Region in the governorate of Erbil, and is characterized by its long walls dating back to the nineteenth century, as well as its shape and strange style that resembles the fan, and its history dates back to the Ottoman era, as written records and photos document the effects of settlement on the site, as it was A political and religious center in the Assyrian era.

Samarra city

The city of Samarra is located in the middle of Iraq on the Tigris River, which is a historical site dating back to the fifth millennium BC, as the city was established between the third and seventh centuries AD in 836, and the caliph Al-Abbas took Samarra as his new capital when he was pressured to leave Baghdad, and the city grew under his influence until It stretched along the Tigris River for a distance of 32 km, and built its palace and many gardens, and in 892 AD the caliph al-Mu’tasim transferred the capital to Baghdad, causing the decline of the Samarra power, and by 1300 CE the city was in ruins.


The city of Assyria is one of the remains of the first capital of the Assyrian Empire from the fourteenth century until the ninth century BC, and the city contains a large number of religious buildings and historical palaces, where documents from the seventh century BC show 34 temples and 3 palaces, and the city was a center of worship The god Assyria and the goddess Ishtar. The site of Assyria was discovered in 1898 AD by German archaeologists.

Chander Cave

Chander Cave is located in the Zagros Mountains in Iraqi Kurdistan, and it is a fossil site that contains two groups of human fossils discovered between 1953 and 1960 AD that show information about the geographical scope of Neanderthals and its relationship to former humans.

Urban city

The destroyed city of Hatra is located in the Al-Jazeera region in northern Iraq, 290 kilometers northwest of Baghdad and about 110 kilometers southwest of Mosul. This city was the religious and commercial center of the Parthian Empire that flourished during the first and second centuries BC, and the city survived several invasions before It was destroyed in the year 214 AD, and it is considered an important archaeological site.

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