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It is a common name given to the kings of ancient Egypt, and this name continued to be used from the beginning of the year 3100 BC until the Macedonian conquest or the end of the Ptolemaic dynasty. The word Pharaoh also referred to the man of the entourage and to the refined buildings (palace), and the first appearance of the pharaohs in the era of The ruler Si Amun. The word Pharaoh appeared in the Noble Qur’an seventy-one times in twenty-seven suras, and the origin of the word dates back to the ancient Nubian language, where it was pronounced by Ra.

Pharaoh’s monuments

Giza Pyramids

The pyramids are located in the Giza region near the western side of the Nile, and their construction dates back to a period spanning from 2480 to 2550 BC, and the three pyramids are: Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure, and are characterized by attractive architectural design, and one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. It was used as a place for burying the kings of the pharaohs at that time, and the pharaohs chose the form of a hierarchical structure because life originated in this way according to their belief, and this was proven by writings and religious texts for them, and the pyramids are now considered one of the most visited sites for all visitors to the Egyptian countries.


It is a tower made of stone with four sides, and a pointed pyramidal head, and it was used during the Pharaonic civilization to write on it many hieroglyphic writings, and engraved drawings of religious and royal prestige, and Egypt still contains eight obelisks existing since ancient times out of the 28 obeliskes that exist in The world, and among the most famous of these obelisks is the obelisk of Pharaoh Senusert the first found in Matareya, who escorts to the Heliopolis neighborhood in Cairo.

Karnak Temple

The temple is considered one of the remaining pharaonic monuments in Luxor, and all the pharaohs rulers during their rule sought to construct a temple characterized by an attractive architecture and engineering more than the temples of the former rulers where the temple was distinguished by a beautiful display of sound and light system for use during the evening period, and its construction began during the era of Senusert The first during the middle age and continued in the Ptolemaic period, and became a place of worship by the eighteenth family (trinity) and the temple consists of decays, chapels, towers, and other service buildings.

The courtyard of Amun Ra is the largest sanctuary in the complex of al-Mu`id, and it is characterized by its having huge statues; the largest statue is 10.5 meters long, and the Mawt area is located to the south side of the courtyard of Amun, and the area consists of many small temples linked together in an architectural style bearing a crescent shape , And contains six statues made of black granite, and is considered to be one of the areas not open to the public at present.

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