Iran is an Islamic state with its capital, Tehran, located between the Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf in the continent of Asia, bordered by Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Turkmenistan, and the Caspian Sea from the north, while from the south it is bordered by the Persian Gulf, the Gulf of Oman, and from the east it borders Pakistan, Afghanistan, and the west is bordered by Iraq, Turkey and the Persian Gulf, Iran is characterized by its various natural resources such as natural gas, coal, as well as oil and copper, in addition to iron ore, sulfur, and lead, and Iran has a semi-dry and dry climate in most regions, and the regions located on the Caspian Sea are semi-tropical climate.
The most beautiful regions of Iran
Iran contains many places that attract visitors to it, especially the ancient city of Isfahan and Shiraz. Among the most beautiful areas and places that distinguish Iran are the following:
- Rodkhan Castle: One of the distinguishing areas in Iran is the green, wet forests that are located in northern Iran in Ghaylan Province. This castle is one of the important forts that date back to the period between 224 and 651 AD, that is, between the Middle Ages and before the emergence of Islam in the region of Iran, and this castle was built during the Sassanid Persian period, and it is believed that the castle was built and restored by the Ismaili community with the end of The eleventh and twelfth centuries. The top of the castle can be reached by a high walk along two green mountain peaks, and for the height of this castle, the locals called it the Thousand Step Castle.
- Bakhradi house: It is a historic hotel dating back 400 years, the hotel is characterized by its elegant design and includes four suites for guests, and this house is considered one of the oldest houses that were restored in Iran, where it took five years to restore.
- Bowl dome: In the province of Zanjan in the northwest of Iran, there is a site ranked on the UNESCO World Heritage List and it is the Dome of the Sultanate that dates back to the capital of the Ilkhanid state. On its unique design, this mausoleum has had an impact on the design of the famous mausoleum of the Taj Mahal.
- Lalah Kendwan Rocky Hotel: In the north-west of the Iranian city of Tabriz lies a group of rock caves that form a village in which residents live in conical houses. These houses were formed at the foot of Mount Sahand of volcanic rocks 800 years ago, and in this village lies the Laleh Kendwan rocky hotel which was hand carved from the rocks. The hotel has sixteen luxury rooms, each with its own cave or Karan. Mineral water originates from Mount Sahand, which is believed to have distinct medicinal properties.
- Tajroul tower: In the province of Tehran, specifically in the province of RI, the oldest province in Tehran, which is characterized by its historical monuments; there is a tower dating back to the Seljuk era which is a tower of children. It is a shrine that dates back to 500 years ago, and it is said that this tower is considered a shrine for the thunderbolt of the Seljuks king, and he founded the trench of the city of Re which later became a major center for the Seljuks before being destroyed at the beginning of the thirteenth century by the Mongols.
- Golestan National Park: This park is also known as the Golestan Forest, and it is located in the northwest of Iran, it has a variety of terrain, in which pastures and rocky plains, with an area of 355 square miles and is home to many animals such as amphibians, deer, and the Persian tiger, in addition to brown bear, sheep, and jackal.
- Niband Reserve: The Naiband Reserve is considered one of the largest reserves in Iran, as its area is 5,792 square miles. The terrain varies in this reserve. It has mountain ranges in addition to desert mountainous plains, as well as sandy plains, and there are different types of animals that the reserve is home to, such as al-Jubeir gazelle, and wild goats. , And the Persian leopard, in addition to caribou, and wild sheep, and it has different types of birds and reptiles such as snake, and gecko, as well as cuckoo and grave.
- Kavir National Park: In the north of Iran lies the Kafir National Park, which consists of steppe and desert lands with an area of 1500 square miles, and in this park a large group of animals that live in it such as striped hyenas, deer, and Indian wolves, as well as the Asian cheetah.
- The palaces of the Shah: In Iran, we find a group of palaces for the last Shah in Iran, which is Muhammad Reza Pahlavi. Among the most important of these palaces is the Nayawaran Palace, which has an area of 11 hectares and is distinguished by its library which contains 23 thousand books from various Persian, Latin, as well as French languages, and from other palaces Saad Abad Palace The palace of Sahkraniyya, built in 1267 CE.
- Tehran market: This market dates back to the era of Nasir al-Din Shah al-Qajari, a covered market that was expanded after merchants and businessmen gifted shops and rooms for expansion. This market has multiple fields, each of which Khan has his own activity such as Abbasabad market, the carpet market, the goldsmiths market, the shoe sellers market, and other markets.
- The nature of Iran’s lands is diverse, as it includes arid lands, mountains, and deserts, as well as urban areas, and these regions all occupy 55% of Iran’s lands, and there is a percentage of lands that reach 27% and they are permanent pastures in addition to 7% of the lands in Iran from forests, As for the lands that are cultivated in Iran, it is 11%.
- The official language of Iran is the Persian language, one of the Indo-European languages, and it is also derived from the ancient Persian language. In various regions of Iran, we find a diversity of dialects and languages, such as the Balochi language spoken by the southeastern people of Iran, as well as the Azeri language spoken by the northwestern inhabitants of Iran.
- In Iran, animal husbandry is widespread and is considered the main profession of Bedouin tribes in it, and among the most important animals that are raised: sheep, cows, chickens, camels, in addition to water buffalo and goats.